Provides that the New York city housing authority shall not be required to pay for police services provided to the New York city housing authority by the city of New York.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the election law, in relation to enacting the "2012 Fair Elections Act"; to amend the election law, the state finance law and the tax law, in relation to providing for optional partial public financing of certain election campaigns in this state; and to amend the general business law, in relation to additional surcharges
SUBJECT AND PURPOSE: To provide optional public financing of campaigns for statewide offices, state legislative offices and constitutional convention delegates.
SUMMARY AND DESCRIPTION OF PROVISIONS: The bill adds a new Title II to Article 14 to provide for public financing of primary and general election campaigns for statewide office, primary, general and special election campaigns for state legislative office and primary and general election campaigns for constitutional convention delegates.
CRITERIA FOR PARTICIPATION: To be eligible for public financing, a candidate for nomination or election to a statewide office, state legislative office or as a constitutional convention delegate must satisfy the legal requirements for having his.or her name on the ballot, elect to participate in the public financing system, meet the threshold for eligibility and agree to file required statements and authorize a single participating committee.
ELIGIBILITY THRESHOLD: Governor: Must collect not less than $650,000 from at least 6,500 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in New York State.
Lt. Governor (primary only), Attorney Gem, & Comptroller: Must collect not less than $200,000 from at least 2,000 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in New York state.
Senate: Must collect not less than $20,000 from at least 200 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in New York state including at least $12,500 from at least 125 individual contributors who reside in the senate district in which the seat is to be filled.
Assembly: Must collect not less than $10,000 from at least 100 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in New York state including at least $5,000
from at least 50 individual contributors who reside in the assembly district in which the seat is to be filled.
At-large Delegate to a Constitutional Convention: Must collect not less than $20,000 from at least 200 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in New York State.
District Delegate to a Constitutional Convention: Must collect not less than $5,000 from at least 50 matchable contributions made up of sums of up to $250 per individual contributor who resides in the district in which the seat is to be filled.
MATCHABLE CONTRIBUTIONS: Matchable contributions may be collected after January first of the year of the primary or general election. For a special election, may be collected up to six months before the election. Consist of the net amount of contributions after deduction of the value of any food, drink or entertainment provided in exchange for the contribution. Only contributions from persons who reside in New York State are matchable.
THE MATCH: Eligible contributions up to $250 are matched at the rate of $6 for every $1.
MISCELLANEOUS RULES: To receive public funds for a primary election, a participating candidate must agree to receive public funding for the general election.
Participating candidates who are unopposed in a primary election may not receive public funds. Participating candidates whose opponents don't raise or spend 10% of the public funds receipt limit for the office that they are seeking are deemed unopposed.
Participating candidates that are unopposed may raise private funds of up to 50% of the expenditure limit if there is a contest in the primary for at least one other party for such office. Such funds may only be raised with contributions of up to $2000 per contributor.
Candidates who are challenged in a primary and who do not seek public funds are not eligible for public funds for the, general election.
Candidates who are unopposed in a general or special election may not receive public funds.
PERMISSIBLE AND PROHIBITED USES OF PUBLIC FUNDS: Public funds may be used only for qualified campaign expenditures during the year of the primary or general election. For a special election, such funds may only be used in the 3 months prior to the election. They may not be
used for expenditures in violation of law, for payments to a candidate or to a relative of the candidate (or to any business entity of which such a person is an officer or employee or has a ten percent or greater ownership interest), for payments in excess of fair market value, for any expenditure after the candidate or the candidate's only remaining opponent has been disqualified (until and unless reversed), to challenge an opponent's petitions or Certificates, for non-campaign related food, drink or entertainment, or for gifts.
CONTRIBUTION LIMIT: All candidates who choose to participate in the Public financing system have a Contribution limit of $2,000 per contributor.
PUBLIC FUNDS RECEIPT LIMITS:
The following limits on public funds apply to all candidates who Participate in the public financing system:
General Election Primary
Governor $ 12,000,000 $9,000,000 Lt. Governor -- $6,000,000 Attorney General & Comptroller $ 8,000,000 Same as Lt. Governor State Senator $ 350,000 Member of Assembly $ 150,000 $ 150,000 At Large Delegate $ 350,000 $ 175,000 District Delegate $ 75,000 $ 50,000
NOTE: A participating candidate may raise unlimited amounts of private money subject to the $2,000 per contributor limitation.
PARTY EXPENDITURES IN SUPPORT OF PARTICIPATING CANDIDATES:
Notwithstanding the expenditure limits for participating candidates, a State party committee may make the following expenditures for services to participating candidates the party has nominated:
Gov. and Lt. Gov. $2,500,000 Att. Gen or Comp. $1,000,000 Senate $100,000 State Assembly $50,000 At-large Delegate $50,000 District Delegate $10,000
* Transfers to a participating candidate may constitute up to 251 of such party expenditures.
Enforcement of the new Title II will be handled by a newly created Campaign Finance Board. This will be a new unit within the State Board of Elections charged with the oversight and enforcement under the new Title II public finance scheme. The campaign Finance Board will be comprised of five members. The members of the board will be appointed as follows: one by the Governor and one by each of the four legislative leaders.
DEBATES: Participating candidates are required to participate in at least one debate before the primary election and in at least one debate before the general election for which the candidate receives public funds, unless the Participating candidate is running unopposed. A nonparticipating candidate may be a party to such debates.
SOURCES OF FUNDING:
The bill provides for three separate sources of funding for the public financing regime:
1) The bill provides an income tax check-off of $5. Such monies would be paid into a separate fund, known as the New York State Campaign Finance Fund. The taxpayers' tax liability would not be affected by making this designation.
2) In addition, the bill imposes an additional 10% surcharge on recoveries for fraudulent practices relating to stocks, bonds, other securities as well as all other recoveries having to do With fraud by the Attorney General.
3) If the state campaign finance fund lacks the money to pay all properly certified claims the deficiency will be paid from the general fund.
* The failure to make proper campaign finance filings, as required by Title II and rules and regulations Promulgated thereunder, shall subject the offender to a civil penalty of up to $5000.
* Any person or authorized committee who knowingly and willfully violates any other provision of Title II or any regulations promulgated thereunder shall subject the offender to a civil penalty of up to $10,000.
* All prosecutions under Title II for criminal acts shall be prosecuted by the Attorney General.
* The failure to make proper campaign finance filings, as required by Title II within 10 days or anyone that willfully violates any other provision of this title shall be guilty,of a misdemeanor, and in addition to such other penalties as may be provided by law; shall be subject to a fine not to exceed the amount of $10,000.
* Any person who knowingly and willfully contributes, accepts or aids or participates in the acceptance of a contribution in an amount exceeding an applicable maximum specified in this article shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a tine not to exceed the amount of $10,000.
* Any person who knowingly and willfully makes a false statement or knowingly omits a material fact to the campaign finance board or an auditor designated by the campaign finance board during any audit conducted pursuant to new section 14-214 of the Election Law shall be guilty of a class E felony.
* In addition to any other sentence lawfully imposed upon a finding of guilt in a criminal prosecution commenced under the provisions of this bill, a court.may order a defendant to repay to the campaign finance board any public matching funds obtained as a result of any criminal conduct.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: A.8902A of 2009 S.7036B of 2011 04/24/12 Referred to Elections 04/25/12 Amend and Recommit to Elections 04/25/12 Print Number 7036A 05/02/12 Amend and Recommit to Elections 05/02/12 Print Number 7036B
JUSTIFICATION: This public financing bill provides a comprehensive yet balanced approach to the public financing of political campaigns. It contains significant but realistic limitations on expenditures and contribution receipts, a means for recovering public funds when they are unspent, excessive or used for prohibited purposes, and penalties for violations of the filing requirements or the expenditure limitations for participants.
The "matching grant" structure of the program has several advantages. It will reduce the amount of time a candidate must spend raising money, leaving More time to address the issues that are important to the public. The matching component allows for participation by private citizens throughout the campaign while also conserving resources by ensuring that only candidates who can show substantial voter support and face opposition will be eligible to receive public funds.
Overall, the bill strikes a balance that allows challengers and incumbents to compete fairly while capping the amount of public funds that will be expended.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: There will be no cost in 2012. In 2014, there could he costs associated with participating candidates seeking election to the office of state comptroller. There would be no cost in 2013. In 2016, there could be costs associated with participating candidates seeking election to state legislative office. In 2018, there could be costs associated with participating candidates seeking election to a statewide office or as a constitutional delegate. Other states that have public financing systems in place have had very low participation rates at first with increasing participation in later elections. The long term cost of the system in New York is unknown.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act takes effect immediately; provided, however, that candidates for state comptroller will be eligible to participate in the public financing system beginning with the 2015 election, state legislative candidates will be eligible to participate in 2017 and all statewide candidates and constitutional delegates will be eligible to participate in 2019.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 839 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 5, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. STAVISKY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Housing, Construction and Community Development AN ACT to amend the public housing law, in relation to police services provided to the New York city housing authority THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 402 of the public housing law is amended by adding a new subdivision 5-b to read as follows: 5-B. THE NEW YORK CITY HOUSING AUTHORITY SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED TO PAY ANY CHARGES, ASSESSMENTS OR OTHER FEES IN CONNECTION WITH POLICE PATROLS PROVIDED TO HOUSING FACILITIES BY THE NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT. ANY PROVISION OF ANY AGREEMENT, CONTRACT, MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING, OR OTHER ARRANGEMENT BY WHICH THE NEW YORK CITY HOUSING AUTHORITY AGREES OR IS REQUIRED TO PAY ANY SUCH CHARGE, ASSESSMENT OR OTHER FEE SHALL BE NULL AND VOID; PROVIDED THAT THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL NOT AFFECT OR IMPAIR THE EFFECTIVENESS OR ENFORCEABILITY OF ANY OTHER PROVISION OF SUCH AGREEMENT, CONTRACT, MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING, OR OTHER ARRANGEMENT. S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01025-02-1