RULES OF THE SENATE
 
                            OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
 
                                   2013-2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Rules of the Senate for the year 2013-2014, as adopted by Senate Resolution
  number 1 of 2013 and as amended by Senate Resolution 314 of 2013.
 
    Permanent  Joint  Rules of the Senate and Assembly, as adopted by Concur-
  rent Resolution numbers 459 (Senate) and 544  (Assembly)  of  1984  and  as
  amended by Concurrent Resolution number 260 (Senate) of 1995 and as amended
  by  Concurrent  Resolution  number 147 (Assembly) of 2007 and as amended by
  Concurrent Resolution number 2775 (Senate) and  number  787  (Assembly)  of
  2009.
 
                                     1/9/13
 
 
                              RULES OF THE SENATE
 
                            OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
 
                                   2013-2014
       RESOLVED, That the rules of the Senate for the years 2013-2014 are
                       hereby adopted to read as follows:
 
                              RULES OF THE SENATE
 
                            OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
 
                                   2013-2014
 
                                     RULE I
 
  THE PRESIDENT
 
    Section 1. The Lieutenant Governor of the State shall be President of the
  Senate, but shall have only a casting vote therein.
 
 
                                    RULE II
 
  SENATE COMPOSITION
 
    Section  1. The Senate shall be composed of three conferences; the Repub-
  lican Conference, the Democratic Conference and the Independent  Democratic
  Conference. Designation of the leaders and members of each conference shall
  be  filed in the Senate Journal upon the approval of the Majority Coalition
  Leaders. The leaders of such conferences, referred to  in  these  rules  as
  Conference Leaders, shall not serve in their respective capacities for lon-
  ger  than  eight years. The Republican Conference and the Independent Demo-
  cratic Conference shall  together  comprise  the  Majority  Coalition.  The
  Republican  Conference  Leader  and  the  Independent Democratic Conference
  Leader shall together be the Majority Coalition Leaders.
 
 
                                    RULE III
 
  THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT
 
    Section  1.  The  Senate shall be the judge of the elections, returns and
  qualifications of its own members and the Senate shall choose  a  Temporary
  President, by resolution adopted upon the vote of a majority of the members
  of  the Senate elected, and who shall preside, or designate some other mem-
  ber to preside, in case of the absence from the Chamber or  impeachment  of
  the  Lieutenant  Governor,  or when he or she shall refuse to act as Presi-
  dent, or shall act as Governor.   The Temporary  President  shall  exercise
  such  powers and duties as given by law or these rules during those periods
  as designated in the resolution and such resolution shall be effective  for
  the  2013-2014  session.    The  Temporary  President may not serve in such
  capacity longer than eight years.
 
    � 2. He or she shall appoint and designate the Officers  of  the  Senate,
  the  chair,  vice-chair  and  members of all committees and sub-committees,
  except when the Senate shall otherwise order.
 
    � 3. The Chair of the Committee on Rules shall be the Majority  Coalition
  Conference Leader with the greater number of Conference members.
 
    �  4.  He  or  she  shall appoint, in conjunction with the Speaker of the
  Assembly and the Legislative Librarian, an Assistant Legislative Librarian,
  to have charge and custody of all legislative documents, as defined in this
  section, who shall be responsible for collecting, numbering,  indexing  and
  retaining  the  same  in  the Legislative Library in an area designated for
  such use by the Legislative Librarian. At least two copies of all such doc-
  uments shall be kept in such library at all times  and  made  available  to
  Members  of the Legislature and legislative employees for public inspection
  and duplication during library hours.
 
    The function of the Legislative Library is to serve the  information  and
  research  needs  of  Members  of  the  Legislature and legislative staff as
  defined by the Legislative Law. The services provided shall include profes-
  sional reference, access to standard commercial online  databases  and  the
  availability  of  records  of  the  Library's  holding  on  the Legislative
  Retrieval System (LRS). The Library is charged with the collection and cus-
  tody of all Legislative and State documents as  defined  by  this  section.
  Access to the collection shall be provided by the Legislative Library State
  Documents  (LLSD)  database  on  LRS.  Documents  may be retained in paper,
  microform, laser disk or any other medium approved for archiving documents.
 
    To effectuate the purposes of this  section,  the  Assistant  Legislative
  Librarian  in  charge of legislative documents may request from any commit-
  tee, commission, task force or office of the Legislature, and the same  are
  authorized  to  provide,  such assistance, services and data as will enable
  such librarian to carry out his or her duties as prescribed  in  this  sec-
  tion.
 
    For  purposes  of  this section, the term legislative document shall mean
  and include the Rules of the Senate, the Rules of the Assembly, reports  of
 
 
  the  Legislature  and reports of every legislative committee, subcommittee,
  task force or other adjunct of the Legislature and all  reports  and  docu-
  ments  required  by law or regulation to be submitted to the Legislature by
  any department, board, bureau, commission or other agency of the State.
 
    The provisions of this section and paragraph ten of subdivision c of sec-
  tion  one  of Rule I of the Assembly are intended to result in the appoint-
  ment of a single Assistant Legislative Librarian to serve  both  Houses  of
  the Legislature.
 
    � 5. He or she shall represent the Senate, or engage legal representation
  on  behalf  of  the Senate, in any legal action or proceeding involving the
  interpretation or effect of any law of the federal, state or local  govern-
  ment  or the constitutionality thereof or with regard to the enforcement or
  defense of any right, privilege or prerogative of the Senate.
 
 
                                    RULE IV
 
  PRESIDING OFFICER
 
    Section  1.  The Presiding Officer of the Senate shall preserve order and
  decorum in the Senate Chamber; ensure that debate is germane to  the  ques-
  tion  under discussion; in case of disturbance or disorderly conduct in the
  lobby or galleries, he or she may cause the same to be cleared; he  or  she
  shall  decide  all  questions of order, subject to appeal to the Senate. On
  every appeal he or she shall have the right, in his or her place, to assign
  his or her reasons for his or her decision.
 
    � 2. Immediately upon the final passage by the Senate  of  any  bill,  or
  concurrent  resolution  proposing  amendments  to  the  Constitution of the
  State, and concurrent resolutions proposing or ratifying amendments to  the
  Constitution of the United States he or she shall certify that the same has
  been  duly  passed,  with  the date thereof, together with the fact whether
  passed as a majority or two-thirds bill or resolution, or with three-fifths
  of the members present, as the case may be, as required by the Constitution
  and laws of the State, and deliver said bill or resolution  to  the  Secre-
  tary.
 
    �  3.  When the Presiding Officer is other than the President of the Sen-
  ate, such Presiding Officer shall be vested with  all  of  the  powers  and
  duties conferred by these rules and by any other rule or law upon the Pres-
  ident.
 
 
                                     RULE V
 
  THE SENATE AND ITS OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
 
    Section  1.  The  Senate  shall  not discriminate because of race, creed,
  color, age, sex, marital status, sexual orientation, or disability in judg-
  ing the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, or in the
  appointment of any member to committee or other office, or in the  appoint-
  ment of any of its officers or employees.
 
    �  2.  The administration and operations of the Senate shall be conducted
  in a fair and nonpartisan manner, including access to services necessary to
  all members and their offices, without regard to the members conference.
 
    � 3. The Conference leaders shall not serve in such capacity longer  than
  eight years.
 
    �  4.  The Senate may choose a Secretary, a Sergeant at Arms and an Offi-
  cial Stenographer who shall be elected for the term of the  Senate.    Such
  employees  may  be  appointed as shall be provided for by appropriation, in
  the manner provided by law. Each officer and employee of the  Senate  shall
  perform  such  duties as may be prescribed by law, or by these rules, or as
  may be incumbent upon them in their respective positions.
 
    � 5. a.  It shall be the duty of the  Secretary  to  have  the  journals,
  bills,  calendars,  messages and other documents printed and distributed in
  the manner provided by law. He or she shall present to  the  Governor,  and
  enter  upon the journals, such bills as shall have originated in the Senate
  and shall have been passed by both houses. He or she shall, subject to  the
  Rules  of  the  Senate,  transmit  to  the Assembly all bills or concurrent
  resolutions which have passed the Senate.
 
    b. The Secretary of the Senate shall designate the  persons  entitled  to
  admission to the floor as reporters for the news media.
 
    c. The Secretary of the Senate shall have general control, except as oth-
  erwise  provided  by  law  or in these rules, of the Senate Chamber and the
  lobbies and galleries thereof, and of the rooms, corridors and passages  in
  that  part  of  the Capitol and Legislative Office Building assigned to the
  use of the Senate, and any other property leased or utilized by the Senate.
 
    d. The Secretary of the Senate shall, to the extent practicable, use  the
  Internet  and other electronic media to provide access to the public policy
  debates, decision-making process and legislative records of the Senate.
 
    � 6. The Sergeant at Arms, under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, shall
  be the security officer of the Senate, and, except when absent in the  dis-
  charge  of his or her duties, shall be in constant attendance upon the ses-
  sions of the Senate and shall assign Assistant Sergeants at Arms to act  as
  doorkeepers  and,  under  the  direction  of  the Presiding Officer, aid in
  enforcing order on the floor of the Senate, in  the  lobbies,  and  in  the
  rooms  adjoining the Senate Chamber, and also see that no person remains on
  the floor unless entitled to the privileges of the same. He  or  she  shall
  also assist in maintaining order at hearings of the Senate and in that part
 
 
  of  the  Capitol and Legislative Office Building assigned to the use of the
  Senate and on sites in New York State  where  members  are  conducting  the
  business of the Senate and security is deemed necessary by the Secretary.
 
    �  7. The Official Stenographer or designee shall attend every session of
  the Senate and take stenographic notes of the debates of the Senate.  He or
  she shall make a stenographic record of the  proceedings  and  make  copies
  available to the Secretary of the Senate. In addition, the Official Stenog-
  rapher shall be responsible, under the direction of the Secretary, for mak-
  ing a stenographic record of public hearings at the request of the Standing
  Committee  Chair or appointed officer and make copies available to the Com-
  mittee Chair and the Secretary.
 
 
                                    RULE VI
 
  PROCEEDINGS
 
    Section  1.  a.  The Journal. The Senate shall keep a journal of its pro-
  ceedings and publish the same, except such parts as  may  require  secrecy.
  The  legislative  and  executive  proceedings  of  the Senate shall each be
  recorded in a separate journal.
 
    b. Video of Senate proceedings. The Senate shall video  record  its  pro-
  ceedings and make such video available through the Senate web site.
 
    �  2.  Hours  in session. No session shall be held between 12:00 A.M. and
  8:00 A.M.; provided, however, that the Senate may remain in session to com-
  plete action on a measure or measures upon which debate was begun prior  to
  12:00 A.M. or to act on a measure or measures for which a message of neces-
  sity  has been received from the Governor or upon a majority vote of all of
  the members elected to the Senate.
 
    � 3. Order of Business. a. The Presiding Officer shall take the Chair  at
  the  hour  to which the Senate shall have adjourned and following a recital
  of the pledge of allegiance to the flag, the  first  business  of  the  day
  shall  be  the reading of the journal of the preceding day, to the end that
  any mistakes therein may be corrected.
 
    After the reading and approving of the journal,  the  order  of  business
  shall be as follows:
 
    (1) Presentation of petitions.
 
    (2) Messages from the Assembly.
 
    (3) Messages from the Governor.
 
    (4) Reports of standing committees.
 
    (5) Reports of select committees.
 
    (6) Communications and reports from State officers.
 
    b. A quorum being present the Senate shall proceed to:
 
    (1) Motions and resolutions.
 
    (2) The calendar.
 
    (3) Petition for chamber consideration.
 
    c.  All  questions  relating to the priority of business shall be decided
  without debate.
 
    � 4. Messages. Messages from the Governor  and  Assembly,  communications
  and  reports  from  State  officers, reports from a committee involving the
 
 
  right of a Senator to his or her seat, and reports from  the  Committee  on
  Rules shall be received at any time.
 
    �  5. Special orders. Whenever any bill or other matter is made a special
  order for a particular day, and it shall not be completed on that  day,  it
  shall, unless otherwise ordered, retain its place on the calendar as a spe-
  cial order in the order of business in which it was considered. When a spe-
  cial  order  is under consideration, it shall take precedence over any spe-
  cial order for a subsequent hour of the same day; but such subsequent order
  may be taken up immediately after disposal of the previous special order.
 
    � 6. Calendar. a. The matters upon the Senate Calendar shall be  arranged
  and acted upon in the following order:
 
    (1) Resolutions.
 
    (2) Bills on order of first report.
 
    (3) Bills on order of second report.
 
    (4) Bills on order of special report.
 
    (5) Bills starred after report.
 
    (6) Bills on third reading calendar from special report.
 
    (7) Bills on third reading.
 
    (8) Bills starred on third reading.
 
    (9) Resolution to amend the Senate Rules.
 
    (10) Motions for chamber consideration.
 
    b.  Bills  laid aside by the Temporary President shall continue to retain
  their place in their regular order of business until called for  debate  by
  the Temporary President.
 
    c. Except for bills reported from a standing committee and placed on that
  part  of  the  calendar  designated  as  "order  of  special report," bills
  reported from a standing committee shall be placed on the first report cal-
  endar and, unless starred, shall be automatically advanced  to  the  second
  report  part  of the calendar after one calendar legislative day.  Bills on
  second report shall, unless starred, be advanced  to  the  order  of  third
  reading  after  one calendar legislative day. No debate shall be allowed on
  the advancement of bills on the order of first or second report or  special
  report.  The  order  of  special report shall be marked with an asterisk to
  indicate that such bills will be subject to debate  on  the  next  calendar
  legislative  day. In the event that such bills are not debated on such day,
  they shall be removed from the order of special report and placed  on  that
  part of the calendar designated "bills on order of first report".
 
    �  7. Executive Session. The Senate shall go into consideration of execu-
  tive business at such times as may be ordered by a vote of the majority  of
  the  Senators  present.  On motion to close the doors of the Senate, on the
 
 
  discussion of business which in the opinion  of  any  Senator  may  require
  secrecy, and during the consideration of all business in executive session,
  the  Presiding  Officer  shall direct all persons, except the Senators, the
  Counsel  to the respective conferences, Secretary of the Senate, his or her
  messenger, the Journal Clerk and Sergeant at Arms of the  Senate  to  with-
  draw; and during the discussion of said motion the doors shall remain shut;
  and every Senator and officer of the Senate shall keep secret all such mat-
  ters,  proceedings  and things which shall transpire while the doors remain
  closed.
 
    � 8. Motions. a. When a question is before the Senate, only the following
  motions shall be made by a Senator, and such motions shall have  precedence
  in the order here stated, viz.:
 
    (1) For an adjournment.
 
    (2) For a call of the Senate.
 
    (3) For the previous question.
 
    (4) To lay on the table.
 
    (5) To postpone to a certain day.
 
    (6) To commit to a standing committee.
 
    (7) To commit to a select committee.
 
    (8) To change calendar arrangement.
 
    (9) To amend.
 
    b.  The motion to adjourn, or for a call of the Senate, or for the previ-
  ous question, or to lay on the table, shall be decided without debate,  and
  shall always be in order except as provided in Rules six, eight and ten.
 
    c.  Except  for the motions enumerated in subdivision a hereof, all other
  motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the Presiding Officer or
  any five Senators, delivered to the Secretary, and  read  before  the  same
  shall  be debated; and any motion may be withdrawn at any time before deci-
  sion or amendment.
 
    d. A motion for the previous question, or a motion to postpone to a  cer-
  tain  day,  or to commit, or refer to a standing or select committee, until
  it is decided, shall preclude all debate of the main question.
 
    e. A motion for the previous question shall only be in order when made by
  the leaders of the respective conferences or their designee. The  "previous
  question"  shall  be  put  as  follows: "Shall the main question now be put
  before the house?" and until it is decided, shall preclude  all  amendments
  or  debate.  When, on taking the previous question, the Senate shall decide
  that the main question shall now be put, the main question shall be put  to
  an  immediate vote. When, on taking the previous question, the Senate shall
  decide that the main question shall not now be put, the main question shall
  be considered as still remaining under debate. The "main question" shall be
 
 
  the advancement or passage of the bill, resolution or  other  matter  under
  consideration. Such motion shall require the affirmative vote of a majority
  of the Senators elected.
 
    �  9.  Reconsideration. a. When a question has once been put and decided,
  it shall be in order for any Senator to move for the reconsideration there-
  of; but no motion for the reconsideration of any vote  shall  be  in  order
  after  the  bill,  resolution,  message,  report,  amendment, nomination or
  motion, upon which the vote was taken, shall have  gone  out  of  the  pos-
  session of the Senate; nor shall any motion for reconsideration be in order
  unless made on the same day on which the vote was taken, or within the next
  three  days  of  the actual session of the Senate thereafter. Nor shall any
  question be reconsidered more than once; but  when  a  bill  or  resolution
  shall  have  been  recalled from the Assembly, a motion for reconsideration
  may be made at any time thereafter while the same is in the  possession  of
  the  Senate,  and  all  resolutions recalling a bill or resolution from the
  Assembly shall be regarded as privileged. No  vote  shall  be  reconsidered
  upon either of the following motions:
 
    To adjourn.
 
    To lay on the table.
 
    b. The vote on the final passage of any bill appropriating moneys or pro-
  perty,  or  creating,  continuing, altering or removing any body politic or
  corporate, shall not be reconsidered whenever any such bill shall be  lost,
  unless  by  a vote of a majority of all the Senators elected, but all other
  bills, when the same shall have been lost, may be reconsidered by a vote of
  a majority of all the Senators present and voting.
 
 
                                    RULE VII
 
  INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS
 
    Section  1.  Introduction. Bills and resolutions shall be introduced by a
  Senator, or on the report of a committee, or by message from the  Assembly,
  or  by  order  of the Senate, or by the Governor pursuant to Article VII of
  the Constitution. Every bill introduced shall be  in  duplicate  and  shall
  have  endorsed thereon a title and the name of the bill's sponsor and shall
  be accompanied by the introducer's memorandum in quadruplicate. Such  memo-
  randum  shall  contain  a  statement of the purposes and intent of the bill
  and, if the member deems it appropriate, may set forth  such  other  state-
  ments that the member feels necessary including, but not limited to, state-
  ments  relating  to  economic impact, environmental impact or the impact on
  the judicial system of the bill. A Committee, where it deems necessary, may
  require that the introducer's memorandum be amended to include such  appro-
  priate statements.
 
    Bills  introduced  by Senators shall be deposited with the Revision Clerk
  for the purpose of having such clerk examine and  correct  bills  to  avoid
  repetition  of introduction and ensure accuracy in the text and references.
  Upon introduction, each bill shall be deemed to have had its first and sec-
  ond reading, unless otherwise ordered and shall be given a number and imme-
  diately referred to the appropriate  standing  committee  by  the  Majority
  Coalition  Leaders or an officer designated by the Majority Coalition Lead-
  ers in accordance with a set of guidelines to be published annually by  the
  Majority Coalition Leaders setting forth the respective statutes over which
  each  of the standing committees shall have subject matter jurisdiction for
  purposes of referral. Such referrals shall reflect the subject matter  hav-
  ing  predominance in the bill as determined by the Majority Coalition Lead-
  ers.
 
    � 2. Multi-sponsorship. Any Senator may join together in the  multi-spon-
  sorship  of  a  bill.  If two or more Senators join together when a bill is
  first introduced and before it is printed, the names of all  multi-sponsors
  shall appear on the printed bill upon the following conditions:
 
    a.  Multi-sponsors  shall  file  a written request in duplicate to act as
  such, on forms provided, with the Revision Clerk of the Senate.  The  first
  name  appearing  on  the bill shall be deemed the introducer and all others
  deemed multi-sponsors.
 
    b. The introducer shall at all times retain exclusive control of the bill
  until formally acted upon by the Senate and any motion to discharge a  bill
  out of committee by a member who is not the introducer of the bill shall be
  out of order.
 
    c.  After  a  multi-sponsored  bill  has  been printed, any multi-sponsor
  desiring to withdraw from  such  multi-sponsorship  shall  file  a  written
  request  on  a  form provided so that his or her name will be stricken as a
  multi-sponsor from the records of the Revision  Clerk.  The  printed  bill,
  however, shall not be reprinted.
 
 
    d.  Senators  and  Senators-elect  may multi-sponsor bills that have been
  pre-filed and bills introduced after the opening of each  legislative  ses-
  sion upon the following conditions:
 
    (1)  After  a bill has been introduced and printed and before it has been
  reported favorably out of the Committee to which it was referred, any  Sen-
  ator  or Senators may file with the Revision Clerk a request on a form pro-
  vided to become a multi-sponsor of such bill. Such forms must be signed  by
  the multi-sponsor.
 
    (2)  Such bill shall not be reprinted solely for the purpose of adding or
  deleting names of multi-sponsors.
 
    (3) Any Senator, having become a multi-sponsor of a  bill,  may  withdraw
  from  such  by  filing  a  request on a form provided to the Revision Clerk
  requesting that his or her name be stricken as  a  multi-sponsor  from  the
  record.
 
    (4)  Any  Senator  who has become a multi-sponsor of a bill in the manner
  set forth herein shall have the right to distribute such  bill  bearing  an
  endorsement by rubber stamp or otherwise the words "multi-sponsored by" and
  insert his or her own name as multi-sponsor.
 
    �  3.  Printing.  Every  bill  immediately upon its introduction shall be
  printed and placed on the bill files on the desks of the Senators, where it
  shall remain for at  least  three  calendar  legislative  days.  All  bills
  reported  favorably  or for consideration, if reported with amendments, and
  all bills amended in the Senate, shall be immediately printed, except  that
  any  bill which is amended by restoring it to an earlier form, shall not be
  required to be printed again, and thereafter the printed number of the bill
  in the form to which it has been so restored  shall  constitute  the  final
  form  of  such bill unless further amended.  Whenever a bill is amended and
  printed, a letter of the alphabet starting with "A" shall be added  to  its
  number.
 
    �  4. Title and body of bill. The title of every bill shall briefly state
  the subject thereof. The title of every bill amending or repealing any pro-
  vision of a consolidated law shall refer to such law. The  title  of  every
  bill  amending  or repealing any unconsolidated law shall refer to such law
  by its short title, if it has one; if it has no short title, the  title  of
  such  bill  shall  state the chapter number, year of enactment and the com-
  plete title of the original bill or a short summary of  the  provisions  to
  which  the  law  relates.  If such bill is amending or repealing a proposed
  provision of law contained in a bill that has not been  enacted  into  law,
  the  title  shall state the number of the bill containing the proposed pro-
  vision of law to be amended or repealed, with suffix, if there be one,  and
  the subject of the provisions to which the amendatory bill relates. No pri-
  vate  or local bill may be passed which shall embrace more than one subject
  which shall be expressed in the title.
 
    a. In any bill, each section proposing an amendment to or the repeal  of:
  (i)  any  consolidated  law,  or any part thereof; or (ii) the Family Court
  Act, the Court of Claims Act, the Uniform District Court Act,  the  Uniform
  Justice  Court  Act, the Uniform City Court Act, the New York City Charter,
  the Administrative Code of the City of New York, the New  York  City  Civil
 
 
  Court Act, the New York City Criminal Court Act, or the Charter of the City
  of  Buffalo,  or  any part thereof shall refer to such law, act, charter or
  code. In any bill, each section proposing an amendment to or the repeal  of
  an  unconsolidated  law  having  a  short title, or any part thereof, shall
  refer to such law by its chapter number and year of enactment and its short
  title. If an unconsolidated law shall have no  short  title,  each  section
  shall  state  the  chapter  number and year of enactment of such law, and a
  short summary of the provisions to which the law relates  or  the  complete
  title  of  the  original bill. If such section amends or repeals a proposed
  provision of law contained in a bill that has not been  enacted  into  law,
  each  section  shall  state the number of the bill containing such proposed
  provisions of law to be amended or repealed, with suffix, if there be  one.
  If the portion of the law proposed to be amended has been added, renumbered
  or amended since the original enactment or last general revision of the law
  of which it is a part, such section shall also state the chapter number and
  year  of the last act adding, renumbering or amending the same, as the case
  may be. There shall be appended at the end of every bill which proposes the
  repeal or extension of any existing law, or part thereof, merely by  refer-
  ence  thereto,  without setting forth the text thereof, an explanatory note
  which shall briefly and concisely state the subject matter of the  law,  or
  part thereof, proposed to be repealed or extended, unless such subject mat-
  ter  is  stated in the title of such bill. The Revision Clerk of the Senate
  shall return any bill to the Senator introducing the same when it is called
  to his or her attention that the provisions of this section, or of  section
  one  of  this Rule, have not been complied with, or when any copy of a bill
  is illegible or incomplete.
 
    b. Every bill when introduced, and every  amendment  thereafter  made  to
  such  bill amending existing law, must have all new matter underscored, and
  all matter eliminated by amendment from existing law  must  appear  in  its
  proper  place  enclosed  in  brackets.  In the printed bill such new matter
  shall be underscored and all matter eliminated by amendment  from  existing
  law  shall  be  enclosed  in black-faced brackets. When any existing law or
  part thereof is proposed to be repealed by a bill, the word  "repealed"  as
  it appears in such bill shall be printed in bold-faced type. When a printed
  bill is amended by eliminating new matter from such bill, the same shall be
  omitted  in  the  reprint of the original. When amendments are offered to a
  printed bill, the proposed changes, indicating page and line numbers, shall
  be listed on four detail sheets and the same changes shall be  incorporated
  and  marked on two copies of the bill; provided, however, that no amendment
  shall be allowed to any bill which is not germane to the original object or
  purpose thereof. Furthermore, when a printed bill is amended the accompany-
  ing introducer's memorandum, required pursuant to section one of this Rule,
  shall also be amended to reflect any changes. It shall be the duty  of  the
  Secretary  to  direct the Revision Clerk to cause any bill appearing on the
  calendar and not complying with this section to be immediately amended  and
  printed so as to comply with the same.
 
    �  5.  Final date. a. The Majority Coalition Leaders may designate a date
  in writing after which no bill or original resolution shall  be  introduced
  except by message from the Assembly, but no date prior to the first Tuesday
  of  March  shall be so designated; provided, however, that all bills recom-
  mended by a State department or agency must be submitted to the  office  of
  the  Temporary  President not later than the first day of March. Bills pro-
  posed by the Governor, the Attorney General, the Comptroller,  the  Depart-
 
 
  ment  of  Education or the Office of Court Administration must be submitted
  to the office of the Temporary President no later than the first Tuesday in
  April.
 
    b.  All  bills  introduced  in the Senate after the second Friday in June
  shall be introduced to the Committee on Rules.
 
    � 6. Budget bills. When a bill is submitted or proposed by  the  Governor
  by  authority  of Article VII of the Constitution, it shall become, for all
  legislative purposes, a legislative bill, and upon receipt thereof  by  the
  Senate it shall be endorsed "Budget Bill" and be given a number by the Sec-
  retary  and  shall  be  referred  to  the Finance Committee and be printed.
  Budget bills may be reported from the Finance Committee direct to the third
  reading calendar.
 
    � 7. Program, departmental and agency bills. Every bill proposed  by  the
  Governor, the Attorney General, the Comptroller or by state departments and
  agencies  shall  be  submitted to the office of the Temporary President and
  shall be forwarded by the Majority Coalition Leaders for introduction  pur-
  poses  to the appropriate standing committee in accordance with section one
  of Rule VII. Any such bill which is not so  forwarded  within  three  weeks
  after  receipt by the office of the Temporary President shall be offered to
  the Democratic Conference Leader who may in accordance with section one  of
  Rule VII, forward such bills to any member for introduction purposes.
 
    �  8. Reintroduction. Any Senate bill introduced in the first year of the
  term of the Senate which during that regular Legislative  Session  was  not
  reported  from a Standing Committee or if reported and later recommitted to
  a Standing Committee is deemed to be  automatically  reintroduced  for  the
  second year of the term of the Senate. All bills which remain on the calen-
  dar  at the end of the first year of the term of the Senate shall be recom-
  mitted to committee.
 
    � 9. Resolutions. a. All original resolutions shall be in  quadruplicate,
  and  no  original  resolution may be introduced unless copies thereof first
  shall have been furnished, to the  extent  practicable,  forty-eight  hours
  prior  to  the  time for acting on such resolution to respective conference
  leaders.  All resolutions, upon introduction, shall be referred to a stand-
  ing or select committee by the Majority Coalition  Leaders  or  an  officer
  designated  by the Majority Coalition Leaders and shall at all times remain
  within the exclusive control of the introducer. Notwithstanding any of  the
  foregoing  provisions  of this section, resolutions recalling bills from or
  returning bills to the Assembly, or relating to adjournment, may be  intro-
  duced at any time for immediate consideration.
 
    b. A resolution supporting or condemning, or proposing or urging a change
  in  Federal  law  which  is  not directly germane to the affairs, business,
  rights, benefits and obligations of New York State shall be  out  of  order
  and shall not be reported and any resolution recommending, urging, support-
  ing,  altering  or condemning a position or change in foreign policy of the
  United States Government or the domestic or foreign affairs  of  any  other
  government  of  the  World shall be out of order and shall not be reported.
  Any resolution which recommends, urges, supports the alteration of the laws
  of this state, resolutions which honor current elected  office  holders  or
 
 
  resolutions  which recognize, honor or support the positions of a political
  party shall be out of order and shall not be reported.
 
    c.  All resolutions which propose any amendment to the State Constitution
  shall be referred to the Attorney General as provided in Article XIX of the
  Constitution, and shall be treated in the same form of proceedings as  that
  provided  for bills; and resolutions which ratify any proposed amendment to
  the Constitution of the United States shall be treated in the same form  of
  proceedings  as  provided  for bills. After a resolution to amend the State
  Constitution shall be advanced to third reading, no  motion  to  amend  the
  same shall be in order without unanimous consent; and if such resolution to
  amend  the  State  Constitution  shall  be amended after the opinion of the
  Attorney General thereon has been received as provided in  Article  XIX  of
  the  Constitution,  it shall again be referred to the Attorney General. Any
  such resolution may be committed prior to the final reading thereof.
 
    d. All resolutions calling for the expenditure of moneys must be  decided
  by a majority vote of all of the members elected to the Senate, upon a call
  of the roll.
 
    e.  All resolutions deemed proper by the Majority Coalition Leaders other
  than those mentioned and treated in the preceding subdivisions c and  d  of
  this  section  and reported by the committee of reference designated by the
  Majority Coalition Leaders shall be  placed  upon  the  calendar  upon  the
  approval  of the Majority Coalition Leaders.  When in the order of business
  the resolutions are reached, the Senate may adopt  such  resolutions  as  a
  group,  by one vote upon the question of the entire calendar of resolution,
  excepting that any member may request that any one or more  of  the  resol-
  utions  on  such  calendar  shall be voted upon or debated separately. This
  subdivision shall not apply to  any  resolution  recalling  bills  from  or
  returning  bills  to  the Assembly, or relating to adjournment or to resol-
  utions pertaining to the rules  of  the  Senate  or  to  those  resolutions
  regarded as privileged.  A resolution shall be deemed privileged only if it
  is so designated by the Majority Coalition Leaders as such.
 
 
                                   RULE VIII
 
  STANDING COMMITTEES
 
    Section  1.  There shall be the following standing committees which shall
  serve and shall continue throughout the year:
 
    To consist of thirty-seven Senators:
 
    Finance
 
    To consist of twenty-five Senators:
 
    Rules
 
    To consist of twenty-three Senators:
 
    Judiciary
 
    To consist of nineteen Senators:
 
    Banks
 
    Transportation
 
    Education
 
    Higher Education
 
    Insurance
 
    To consist of seventeen Senators:
 
    Health
 
    To consist of sixteen Senators:
 
    Codes
 
    Labor
 
    To consist of thirteen Senators:
 
    Crime Victims, Crime and Correction
 
    Environmental Conservation
 
    Cultural Affairs, Tourism, Parks and Recreation
 
    Veterans, Homeland Security and Military Affairs
 
    To consist of eleven Senators:
 
    Aging
 
 
    Civil Service and Pensions
 
    Commerce, Economic Development and Small Business
 
    Energy and Telecommunications
 
    Agriculture
 
    Consumer Protection
 
    Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities
 
    Racing, Gaming and Wagering
 
    To consist of nine Senators:
 
    Elections
 
    Housing, Construction and Community Development
 
    Infrastructure and Capital Investment
 
    Investigations and Government Operations
 
    Local Government
 
    To consist of six Senators:
 
    Children and Families
 
    Cities
 
    Corporations, Authorities and Commissions
 
    Ethics
 
    Social Services
 
    Alcoholism and Drug Abuse
 
    a.    The  Republican Conference Leader, the Democratic Conference Leader
  and the Independent Democratic Conference Leader and their  Deputies  shall
  be nonvoting ex-officio members of all standing committees of the Senate of
  which they are not actual members. As far as practicable, Senators shall be
  appointed to no more than seven standing committees.
 
    b. Term limits for chairs and ranking members. No chair or ranking member
  of  a  committee shall serve in such capacity longer than eight consecutive
  years.
 
    c. Conference membership of committees. The membership of all committees,
  unless otherwise provided by the act or resolution creating them, shall  be
  composed, as nearly as may be, of Majority Coalition and Democratic Confer-
  ence members in the same proportion as the number of Majority Coalition and
 
 
  Democratic  Conference  members in the Senate bears to the total membership
  of the Senate.
 
    For  purposes  of committee composition, in the event that the proportion
  of Majority Coalition members would result in a fractional amount, the num-
  ber of Majority Coalition members shall be rounded up  to  the  next  whole
  number.  Furthermore, the total number of Independent Democratic Conference
  members  appointed  to  all  committees shall be in the same proportion, as
  nearly as may be, as the number of Independence Democratic Conference  mem-
  bers in the Senate bears to the total membership of the Senate. Further, in
  the  case  of  an  excused  absence  of  any committee member on either the
  Finance or the Rules Committee, the Conference  Leaders  may  designate  an
  alternate member of the conference for meetings of standing committees pro-
  vided  written  notice  is  provided and accepted by the Majority Coalition
  Leaders at least one hour prior to the commencement of such committee meet-
  ing.
 
    d. The provisions of the opening paragraph of this section and  paragraph
  c  of this section relative to the proportional membership on committees as
  well as the specific number of members to comprise each  committee  may  be
  amended by resolution adopted by a majority of members elected.
 
    �  2.  Committee on Rules. The Committee on Rules may sit at any time and
  shall report bills out of committee only  if  they  shall  have  been  duly
  reported  to the Committee on Rules from a standing committee of origin, or
  from a committee of secondary reference, or if the chair of  such  standing
  committee  consents,  or if the bill was referred to the Committee on Rules
  upon introduction. Other than a motion to hold, a motion to discharge, or a
  motion to report, no other motion shall be in order  in  the  Committee  on
  Rules without the consent of the Committee Chair. The reception and consid-
  eration  of  its  report  shall  always be in order; debate on its adoption
  shall not exceed one and one half hours, one-half hour for each conference,
  such time to be allotted by the Conference Leaders; and  no  other  motion,
  except  a  motion  by  the Temporary President for a call of the Senate, to
  adjourn or to recess, shall be in order until the vote of the Senate is had
  thereon.  If the report be adopted, all inconsistent rules  of  the  Senate
  shall  automatically be suspended until the subject of such report has been
  disposed of, including final action thereon.
 
    � 3. Open Meetings of Standing Committees.  a.  (1)  Standing  committees
  shall  hold  regular  meetings at such time and on such day as the Majority
  Coalition Leaders in consultation with the chair and such schedule shall be
  published one week in advance of the date of  such  meeting  and  shall  be
  posted  on the Senate committee board. The attendance of the members of the
  committee shall be recorded at each meeting, and  a  copy  of  such  report
  shall  be  filed with the Journal Clerk of the Senate and made available to
  the public. Each chair of a standing committee shall to the extent  practi-
  cable,  no  later  than  3 p.m. the Thursday preceding the regular meeting,
  furnish to the Conference Leaders, and make available  to  each  member  of
  such  committee, a copy of the agenda of such regular meeting together with
  a copy of the introducer's memorandum for each bill listed on  such  agenda
  for such regular meeting. In addition, copies of such agenda for such regu-
  lar  meeting  shall  be made available to representatives of the news media
  and to the general public. However, in case of necessity,  the  chair  with
  consent  of  the  ranking Democratic Conference member may add no more than
 
 
  four items on the agenda or delete items on the agenda up to  24  hours  in
  advance  of  the  scheduled  meeting  and members shall be notified of such
  additions or deletions. Each standing committee chair shall decide all pro-
  cedural issues which arise during meetings of standing committees.
 
    (2)  Standing  committees  may hold special meetings in case of necessity
  upon the call of the chair when the announcement is  made  from  the  floor
  during  session, or the ranking Democratic Conference member of the commit-
  tee consents thereto, or upon the call of a majority  of  all  the  members
  thereof,  entry of which fact shall be made on the records of the committee
  and announced by the Secretary of the Senate.
 
    (3) All meetings of committees shall  be  open  to  authorized  represen-
  tatives of the news media and the general public as observers.
 
    (4)  All  meetings  of  committees  shall be recorded by video and to the
  extent practicable webcast live. Video of all committee meetings  shall  be
  made available on the Senate website and updated daily.
 
    (5)  Upon the personal vote of a majority of all the members of a commit-
  tee, taken in an open meeting pursuant to a motion identifying the  general
  area  or areas of the subject or subjects to be considered, a committee may
  conduct an executive session of which only members of  such  committee  are
  present  for  the  following enunciated purposes provided, however, that no
  action by formal vote shall be taken to appropriate public monies:
 
    (a) matters which will imperil the public safety if disclosed;
 
    (b) any matter which may disclose the identity of a law enforcement agent
  or informer;
 
    (c) information relating to current or  future  investigation  or  prose-
  cution  of a criminal offense which would imperil effective law enforcement
  if disclosed;
 
    (d) discussions regarding proposed, pending or current litigation;
 
    (e) collective negotiations pursuant to article  fourteen  of  the  Civil
  Service Law;
 
    (f)  the  medical,  financial, credit, character or employment history of
  any person or corporation, or matters leading to the  appointment,  employ-
  ment,  promotion, demotion, discipline, suspension, dismissal or removal of
  any person or corporation;
 
    (g) the preparation, grading or administration of examinations; and
 
    (h) the proposed acquisition, sale or lease of real  property,  but  only
  when publicity would substantially affect the value of the property.
 
    (6)  Attendance  at an executive session shall be permitted to any member
  of the committee and any other persons authorized by the committee.
 
 
    b. (1) Minutes shall be taken at all open meetings  of  committees  which
  shall consist of a record or summary of all motions, proposals, resolutions
  and any other matter formally voted upon and the vote thereon.
 
    (2)  Minutes  shall  be taken at executive sessions of any action that is
  taken by formal vote which shall consist of a  record  or  summary  of  the
  final  determination  of  such  action, and the date and vote thereon; pro-
  vided, however, that such summary shall not include any matter which is not
  required to be made public by "the freedom of information law" as added  by
  Article six of the Public Officers Law.
 
    (3)  Minutes of meetings of all committees shall be available to the pub-
  lic in accordance with the provisions of Article six of the Public Officers
  Law, "the freedom of information law", and at such time and place  as  pre-
  scribed  by the Majority Coalition Leaders, provided, however, that minutes
  for executive session meetings shall be available to the public within  one
  week from the date of such executive session.
 
    c.  The  provisions of this section except paragraph three of subdivision
  a, and subdivision b shall not apply to the Committee on Rules.
 
    d. Committee presentations. The chair of a committee  may  invite  inter-
  ested  persons to offer a presentation for a given amount of time on a bill
  on the meeting agenda with notice provided to the ranking  Democratic  Con-
  ference  member  no  less than 72 hours in advance. Where a committee chair
  makes such an invitation, the ranking member shall  be  afforded  an  equal
  number  of speakers who may speak for an equal amount of time. In addition,
  the ranker, without consent of the chair, shall be able to schedule 3  com-
  mittee presentations with notice provided to the chair at least 72 hours in
  advance.  The  chair  shall be afforded an equal number of speakers who may
  speak for an equal amount of time.
 
    e. Motion for committee consideration. No motion for committee  consider-
  ation  shall be in order after the first Monday in May.  In the course of a
  session year the sponsor of any bill may file, through the  Journal  Clerk,
  no  more than three motions for committee consideration. Such motions shall
  be in order forty-five days after a bill has been referred to such  commit-
  tee.  Once  a motion for committee consideration is filed, the chair of the
  committee shall place the bill on a committee agenda and schedule a vote on
  the bill within forty-five days, if the forty-five days shall expire  while
  the  senate  is  in  recess, the bill shall be placed on the next regularly
  scheduled committee meeting's agenda following the end  of  the  forty-five
  day period.  In the case of a bill that is referred to a standing committee
  having  secondary  reference,  the bill shall be considered within the next
  two committee meetings.
 
    � 4. Hearings. a. Committee hearings. Chairs of standing  committees  may
  call  public hearings to permit interested persons, groups or organizations
  the opportunity to testify orally or in writing on  legislation  or  issues
  pending  before such standing committee. Chairs are encouraged to hold pub-
  lic hearings on legislation of important public interest, where, outside of
  the budget, significant public money is allocated, broad conduct  is  regu-
  lated  or  where the proposal has a broad public impact. Chairs may request
  that the Official Stenographer make a stenographic record of a public hear-
  ing. Official hearings may be conducted in accordance with procedure estab-
 
 
  lished by law. No committee may take testimony at a hearing unless at least
  two of its members are present at such hearing. Prior notice of all  public
  hearings shall be filed by the chair or his or her designee with The Legis-
  lative  Bill  Drafting  Commission and the Secretary of the Senate and such
  notice shall contain information as to subject matter, date and place.
 
    b. Public forums. Notwithstanding the public hearings conducted by stand-
  ing committees, any Senator may convene a public forum on proposed or pend-
  ing legislation within the jurisdiction of a committee upon which he or she
  is a member, provided that any charge incurred attendant to such  forum  be
  borne by said Senator or his or her party conference.  Prior notice of such
  forum shall be filed with the chair of the committee.
 
    c.  Committee  oversight function. Each standing committee is required to
  conduct oversight of the administration of laws and  programs  by  agencies
  within its jurisdiction.
 
    d.  Each standing committee is required to file with the secretary of the
  senate an annual report, detailing its  legislative  and  oversight  activ-
  ities. Such report shall be posted to the Senate web site.
 
    e. Petition for a public hearing on a bill. By a petition of one-third of
  the members assigned to a committee rounded up to the nearest whole number,
  a  public  hearing shall be scheduled on a specific bill or number of bills
  within the jurisdiction of a committee, unless the majority of  members  of
  the  committee  reject  such petition. Such petitions shall be submitted on
  the proper form to the Senate Desk for Operations, who will forward  it  to
  the  appropriate committee, for presentation at the next committee meeting.
  Such public hearings shall be held if they meet the guidelines  as  promul-
  gated  by  the  Majority  Coalition Leaders.   Public hearings scheduled by
  petition will be held at least 14 days following the committee  meeting  at
  which the petition was considered.
 
    f.  Hearings  of  standing  committees shall be video recorded and to the
  extent practicable webcast live. Video of such hearing shall be  posted  to
  the Senate web site within 24 hours.
 
    � 5. Reports. a. No committee shall vote to report a bill or other matter
  unless  a majority of all the members thereof vote in favor of such report.
  Each report of a committee upon a bill shall have the vote of each  Senator
  attached  thereto  and  such  report and vote shall be available for public
  inspection. A member's vote on any matter before  the  committee  shall  be
  entered  by  the  member on a signed official voting sheet delivered to the
  Committee Chair.
 
    Any standing committee having secondary subject matter jurisdiction  over
  a bill may request the chair of the committee having primary subject matter
  jurisdiction  over said bill (which is the committee to which the said bill
  has been referred by the Majority Coalition Leaders pursuant to  Rule  VII)
  to commit the bill to the committee with secondary subject matter jurisdic-
  tion either when the bill is still in the primary committee or after it has
  been  reported  to  the  calendar.  If  the  chair of the primary committee
  refuses said request, then the  committee  having  secondary  jurisdiction,
  through  its  chair, may request the Majority Coalition Leaders to consider
  such secondary referencing. If a secondary reference is so made,  the  sec-
 
 
  ondary  committee shall consider the bill forthwith and return said bill to
  the primary committee or the calendar, as the case may be, along  with  the
  secondary committee's recommendations.
 
    All  committee  reports,  after  the second Friday in June, shall be made
  directly to the Committee on Rules. Notwithstanding any provision  of  Rule
  VII, the Committee on Rules shall have the authority to introduce and refer
  bills  to  itself  and shall also have the authority to refer to itself any
  bill from any standing committee.
 
    Every report of a committee upon a bill which shall not be considered  at
  the  time of making the same, or laid on the table by a vote of the Senate,
  shall stand upon the calendar in the order of first report  with  the  bill
  and be entered upon the journal.
 
    b.  Each  bill reported by a standing committee shall be accompanied by a
  report, and the Democratic Conference shall file  a  Democratic  Conference
  committee  report  within seven days of the bill being reported out of com-
  mittee and said reports shall be filed with the journal clerk.  The  report
  of  a committee upon any matter referred to it shall upon request include a
  brief statement of the opinion of any member or members  of  the  committee
  voting in either the majority or minority.
 
    c.  Where a "home rule" request is required as provided in any section of
  Article IX of the Constitution, such request, certificate or  message  must
  be  filed with the Journal Clerk of the Senate before final passage of such
  bill.
 
    d. Where a message of necessity is received from the Governor, such  mes-
  sage shall be filed with the Journal Clerk of the Senate upon final passage
  of the bill.
 
    �  6.  Nominations.  Unless  the Senate orders otherwise, all nominations
  sent by the Governor for the appointment of any officer shall be  submitted
  to the Temporary President who shall then refer such nominations simultane-
  ously to the Finance Committee, and the appropriate standing committee, for
  consideration  and  recommendation and such standing committees, other than
  the Committee on Judiciary shall thereafter refer such nominations  to  the
  Finance  Committee of the Senate who shall take whatever further actions it
  deems necessary and thereafter make its report on the  nominations  to  the
  full  Senate.  Any  Senator may submit a request to the Chair of a Standing
  Committee considering a nomination, to speak before the committee  for  not
  more  than five minutes on the nomination. The granting of any such request
  shall be at the sole discretion of the Committee Chair. A nomination  shall
  not  be  confirmed  without  reference  on  the day on which it is received
  except by unanimous consent. The names of those who voted  for  or  against
  the  nomination  may  be entered alphabetically on the journal, if any five
  Senators request it.
 
    � 7. Finance Committee. A bill or resolution providing for  an  appropri-
  ation  or  creating  or  increasing a charge upon the State Treasury shall,
  when reported by  any  committee  other  than  the  Finance  Committee,  be
  referred to the Finance Committee, and the committee reporting such bill or
  resolution  shall, at the time of making such report, recommend the further
  reference thereof to the Finance Committee. At the request of the  Majority
 
 
  Coalition  Leaders  or the Chair of the Finance Committee, any such bill or
  resolution shall, at any time before final reading or adoption, be referred
  to the Finance Committee, which may consider and report upon  any  features
  in the bill or resolution creating or increasing such charge.
 
    The  sponsor  of  a  bill  providing for an increase or decrease in state
  revenues or in the appropriation or expenditure of  state  moneys,  without
  stating  the  amount  thereof,  must, before such bill is reported from the
  Finance Committee or other committee  to  which  referred,  file  with  the
  Finance Committee and such other committee a fiscal note which shall state,
  so far as possible, the amount in dollars whereby such state moneys, reven-
  ues or appropriations would be affected by such bill, together with a simi-
  lar  estimate,  if  the  same is possible, for future fiscal years. Such an
  estimate must be secured by the sponsor from the Division of the Budget  or
  the  department  or  agency  of  state  government  charged with the fiscal
  duties, functions or powers provided in such bill  and  the  name  of  such
  department or agency must be stated in such note.
 
    The Finance Committee shall keep and maintain a file containing all bills
  requiring  fiscal  notes and the notes appertaining thereto, which shall be
  available to Senators and officers  of  the  Senate,  accredited  represen-
  tatives  of  the  press,  and other responsible persons having a legitimate
  interest therein.
 
    � 8. New York City Education Subcommittee.  The  Committee  on  education
  shall have a permanent subcommittee, consisting of six members, on New York
  City  Education.  The chairperson, ranking member and membership of the New
  York City Education subcommittee shall be appointed by the Majority  Coali-
  tion  Leaders  with the ranking member and Democratic Conference members to
  be appointed upon the recommendation of the Democratic  Conference  Leader.
  Any  bill  referenced to the Education Committee whose subject matter shall
  solely impact education matters in New York City shall be referenced by the
  committee to the New York City Education subcommittee. The  New  York  City
  Education subcommittee shall be subject to the same rules and procedures as
  standing committees with the exception that all bills reported from the New
  York  City Education subcommittee will be reported to the Education Commit-
  tee for further action. In no instance may a bill reported out of  the  New
  York  City Education subcommittee bypass the full consideration of the Edu-
  cation Committee and be reported directly to the calendar.
 
 
                                    RULE IX
 
  PASSAGE OF BILLS
 
    Section  1.  Bills on desks. No bill shall be passed unless it shall have
  been printed and upon the desk of each Senator in its final form  at  least
  three calendar legislative days prior to its final passage, unless the Gov-
  ernor  or  acting  Governor shall have certified, under his or her hand and
  the seal of the State, the facts which in his or her opinion necessitate an
  immediate vote thereon, in which case it  must  nevertheless  be  upon  the
  desks  of  all  Senators in final form, not necessarily printed, before its
  final passage. No bill shall be passed pursuant to a message  of  necessity
  unless a majority of the Senators vote to approve the use of such message.
 
    �  2. Reading of bills. a. Every bill shall receive three readings previ-
  ous to its being passed.
 
    b. Upon the third reading of a bill, the question upon its final  passage
  shall be taken immediately thereafter; provided, however, that any bill may
  be committed prior to the final reading thereof.
 
    �  3.  Third  reading  calendar. a. The Calendar of bills on the order of
  third reading shall consist of all bills which  have  been  advanced  to  a
  third  reading  from  the  order  of  second report or the order of special
  report.
 
    b. All Senate bills, when advanced to a third reading shall  be  referred
  automatically  to the Jacketing Clerk, who shall cause each such bill to be
  readied for final passage in the same form as the last printed copy  there-
  of.  All  such  bills  shall  be jacketed with the proper jurat for certif-
  ication of final passage attached.
 
    � 4. Amendments. a. A non-sponsor may move to amend a bill  at  any  time
  prior  to  the  completion  of its third reading provided that at least two
  hours before the time for the Senate to convene, a  copy  of  the  proposed
  amendment  or  amendments  to  any bill on the list of bills compiled under
  subdivision a of section six of this Rule has been served upon the  sponsor
  of the bill, and filed with the Journal Clerk. If a sponsor does not accept
  such  amendment,  the question shall be put to the house whether a majority
  of members elected vote in favor of the non-sponsor motion  to  amend,  and
  such  motion  shall pass only if a majority of members elected vote aye. If
  the sponsor accepts the amendment,  such  amended  bill  shall  be  ordered
  printed  without  a vote, debate or explanation, and such bill shall retain
  its place on the Third Reading Calendar.
 
    b. If a majority of members elected vote  in  favor  of  the  non-sponsor
  motion  to  amend,  the  sponsor  of the bill may make a motion to withdraw
  their name from sponsorship to be substituted by a co-sponsor or  the  Sen-
  ator who moved to amend the bill.
 
    c.  The  introducer of any calendar bill may offer an amendment or amend-
  ments to such bill and such amendment or amendments shall be  accepted  and
  the  bill  ordered printed without a vote, debate or explanation, provided,
  however, that in such case such bill may be recommitted by the chair of the
 
 
  standing committee that reported such bill and such recommittal shall  also
  be without a vote, debate or explanation.
 
    �  5.  Substitution. When a bill is received as a message from the Assem-
  bly, or at any time thereafter, and a Senate bill, identical therewith,  is
  on  the  order of third reading, or in the order of first or second report,
  the Assembly bill may be substituted for the Senate bill upon a vote  of  a
  majority  of  the  Senate. A motion for such substitution shall be in order
  under the order of business of messages  from  the  Assembly,  motions  and
  resolutions, or the order of business in which the Senate bill is.
 
    � 6. Final passage. a. Prior to the reading of the third reading calendar
  of  any given day, the Majority Coalition Leaders may jointly file with the
  Journal Clerk an active list of bills on the third reading  calendar  which
  may  be  acted  upon on that date and he or she may lay aside any bill upon
  which no final action may be taken, provided however, that no bill shall be
  so laid aside for a period exceeding five calendar legislative  days.  Such
  active list shall be published to the extent practicable by 8 p.m. the pre-
  vious  evening  or within two hours following the end of the previous days'
  session, whichever is later.
 
    b. The question on the final passage of every bill shall be  taken  imme-
  diately after the third reading and without debate. On the final passage of
  every bill and concurrent resolution a fast roll call shall be taken by the
  Secretary  calling  the  names of five Senators, three of whom shall be the
  Conference Leaders provided, however, that each  Senator's  name  shall  be
  called  on  a slow roll call if requested by five Senators. Each roll call,
  including the names of the Senators who were absent shall be entered on the
  journal. Upon each roll call vote, the Secretary shall announce  the  names
  of  the  Senators  voting in the negative and the names of the Senators who
  were absent. Such roll calls shall be available for public inspection  upon
  request  in  the  office  of  the  Journal Clerk. When a bill or concurrent
  resolution does not receive the number of votes required by  the  Constitu-
  tion to pass it, it shall be declared lost, except in cases provided for by
  subdivision d of section two of Rule X hereof.
 
    �  7. Starred bills. a. A bill appearing on the calendar may be "starred"
  only by or on behalf of the introducer, whereupon  all  further  action  on
  such  bill  shall be suspended, although it retains its place on the Calen-
  dar.
 
    b. Other than for the purpose of amendment or recommittal, no action  may
  be  taken  on a bill from which a star has been removed until one day after
  such removal.
 
    � 8. Recall and concurrence. All Senate bills amended  by  the  Assembly,
  and  returned  to the Senate, for its concurrence, and all bills amended by
  the report of a conference committee, shall be subject to the provisions of
  section one of this Rule.
 
    � 9. Transmittal of bills to the Governor. All Senate bills passed by the
  Senate and sent to the Assembly for action shall, upon passage  and  return
  by  the Assembly to the Senate, be transmitted by the Secretary to the Gov-
  ernor within forty-five days after receipt from the Assembly;  except  that
  upon  the  filing  of a request to hold such bill with the Secretary by the
 
 
  sponsor of the bill, the bill shall be held until such time as the  sponsor
  rescinds  the  request to hold the bill and upon such rescission the Secre-
  tary shall transmit the bill to the Governor within seven days.
 
 
                                     RULE X
 
  SENATORS
 
    Section  1. Attendance and vote. a. Every Senator shall be present within
  the Senate Chamber during the sessions of the Senate, unless  duly  excused
  or  necessarily prevented, and shall vote on each question for which a vote
  is required stated from the Chair unless excused by the Senate,  or  unless
  he  or she has a direct personal or pecuniary interest in the event of such
  question. If any Senator refuses to vote, unless he or she  be  excused  by
  the Senate, or unless he or she be interested, such refusal shall be deemed
  a  contempt.  In  order  to vote on a bill on the controversial calendar, a
  Senator, other than the Conference Leaders, must be present in  the  Senate
  chamber  and  vote  from  his or her regularly assigned seat, except that a
  Senator acting as the Presiding Officer, Temporary President or  Conference
  Leader  may vote from the place assigned to such officer. No Senator absent
  from a roll call vote shall be allowed to vote thereon; however, within the
  same day, a Senator required to attend a public hearing or other meeting of
  a standing or conference committee, or any other meeting which the Majority
  Coalition Leaders designate as appropriate, may cast his or her vote at any
  time prior to 5:00 P.M. or the adjournment of the Senate,  whichever  shall
  be later.
 
    b.  A Senator desiring to be excused from voting for a direct personal or
  pecuniary interest in the issue then before the Senate may, when his or her
  name is called, state such desire and if there be an objection make a brief
  statement, not occupying over two minutes, of the reasons for  making  such
  request,  and the question on excusing him or her shall then be taken with-
  out debate and shall be granted by the consent of two-thirds  of  the  Sen-
  ators  present;  and any Senator desiring to explain his or her vote upon a
  bill, may, when his or her name is called, be allowed a like opportunity.
 
    � 2. Quorum. a. A majority of all the Senators elected shall constitute a
  quorum to do business. In case a less number than a quorum  of  the  Senate
  shall  convene,  those present are authorized to send the Sergeant at Arms,
  or any other person, for the absent Senators.
 
    b. The assent of two-thirds of the Senators elected shall be requisite to
  every bill appropriating the public moneys or property for local or private
  purposes, and to the passage of bills returned by the Governor without  his
  or her approval.
 
    c. On the final passage of any bill which imposes, continues or revives a
  tax, or creates a debt or charge, or makes, continues or revives any appro-
  priation  of  public or trust money or property, or releases, discharges or
  commutes any claim or demand of the State, three-fifths of all the  members
  elected to the Senate shall be necessary to constitute a quorum therein.
 
    d.  If,  on  taking  the final question on a bill, it shall appear that a
  constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill  requires  a  vote  of
  two-thirds of all the Senators elected to pass it, and it appears that such
  number  is not present, the bill shall retain its place on the Calendar and
  be again taken up in its regular order.
 
 
    e. When any bill requiring the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators,
  or a quorum of three-fifths thereof, is under consideration,  such  concur-
  rence  or  quorum, as the case may be, shall not be requisite except on the
  question of its final passage.
 
    f.  If  at  any time during the session of the Senate a question shall be
  raised by any Senator as to the presence of a quorum, the Presiding Officer
  shall forthwith direct the Secretary to call the roll, and  shall  announce
  the  result,  and  such  proceeding shall be without debate; but no Senator
  while speaking shall be interrupted by any other Senator raising the  ques-
  tion of a lack of a quorum, and the question as to the presence of a quorum
  shall not be raised more often than once in every hour unless the lack of a
  quorum shall be disclosed upon a roll call of the ayes and nays.
 
    g.  Whenever  upon  a  roll call any Senator who is upon the floor of the
  Senate Chamber refuses to make response when his or her name is called,  it
  shall  be  the  duty  of  the Presiding Officer, either upon his or her own
  motion or upon the suggestion of any Senator, to  request  the  Senator  so
  remaining  silent  to respond to his or her name, and if such Senator fails
  to do so, the fact of such request and refusal  shall  be  entered  in  the
  journal,  and  such  Senator shall be counted as present for the purpose of
  constituting a quorum.
 
    � 3. Debate. a. Debate shall only be in order when it is germane  to  the
  question under discussion.
 
    b.  If the question in debate contains several points, a Senator may have
  the same divided, provided the division  called  for  embodies  a  distinct
  principle or statement of fact.
 
    c.  When  any  bill,  resolution  or motion is under consideration and it
  appears that no Senator desires to be heard further, the Presiding  Officer
  shall  put  the question: "Does any Senator desire to be heard further?" If
  no Senator shall rise to debate, the Presiding Officer  shall  declare  the
  debate  closed;  except  that  thereafter  the Conference Leaders may speak
  once, or may yield the floor to any Senator who may speak once, and may  be
  followed  by  the Temporary President who may also speak once, or may yield
  the floor to any Senator who may speak once.  The main question shall  then
  be put immediately.
 
    d.  Debate  on  motions  or resolutions other than concurrent resolutions
  shall be limited to one and one-half hours with one-half hour allocated  to
  each  conference.  Debate  upon  any bill or concurrent resolution shall be
  limited to four hours, which shall include sufficient time for all Senators
  to explain their votes. No single Senator shall debate any bill or  concur-
  rent  resolution  for more than thirty minutes. When any bill or concurrent
  resolution shall have been under consideration for two hours, including all
  amendments thereto, it shall be in order for any Senator to move  to  close
  debate, and the Presiding Officer shall recognize the Senator who wishes to
  make  such  motion.  Such  motion to close debate shall not be amendable or
  debatable and shall be immediately put, and if it shall receive the  affir-
  mative  vote  of  a  majority  of the Senators present, the pending measure
  shall take precedence over all other business.
 
 
    e. The vote shall thereupon be taken upon such bill, resolution or motion
  with such amendments as may be pending at the time of such motion,  accord-
  ing  to  the  Rules  of the Senate, but without further debate, except that
  upon the roll call the sponsor of a bill before the house may speak, not to
  exceed  five  minutes,  in explanation of his or her vote, and any Senator,
  including co-sponsors of the bill before the house, may speak not to exceed
  two minutes in explanation of his or her vote. After such motion  to  close
  debate  has  been  made  by  any Senator, no other motion shall be in order
  until such motion has been voted upon by the Senate.
 
    f. After the Senate shall have adopted the motion  to  close  debate,  as
  hereinbefore  provided,  no  motion  shall  be  in  order but one motion to
  adjourn or for a call of the Senate  by  the  Temporary  President,  and  a
  motion  to  commit.  Should  said motion to adjourn be carried, the measure
  under consideration shall be the pending question  when  the  Senate  shall
  again  convene, and shall be taken up at the point where it was at the time
  of such adjournment. The motion to close debate may be ordered upon a  sin-
  gle  motion, a series of motions allowable under the rules, or an amendment
  or amendments, or may be made to embrace all authorized motions  or  amend-
  ments,  and  include  the  bill,  resolution  or  motion  to its passage or
  rejection. All incidental questions of order, or  motions  pending  at  the
  time  such motion is made to close debate, whether the same be on appeal or
  otherwise, shall be decided without debate.
 
    � 4. Order and decorum. a. Prior to the order of business, the  presiding
  officer shall ask those in the chamber to rise and pledge allegiance to the
  flag. Those in attendance shall remain standing during the daily invocation
  and  until  asked  to  take  their seats by the presiding officer. Senators
  shall not interrupt the business of the Senate, or read any newspaper while
  the journals or public papers are being read; or walk out of or across  the
  Chamber when the Presiding Officer is putting a question; or when a Senator
  is speaking, pass between him or her and the Chair. Cellular telephones and
  audible pagers shall not be used in the Chamber or in the Senate Galleries.
  No sign, placard or prop shall be displayed, posted or carried in the Cham-
  ber.   Cellular telephones shall not be used in the lobby by members of the
  general public. No person shall be introduced by a Senator during the regu-
  lar business of the Senate, except that it shall be permissible  to  intro-
  duce  a person who has served as a member of the New York State Legislature
  or a person who is present in the Chamber for the purpose of nomination  to
  an office to be confirmed by the Senate. On the nomination of any person to
  an  office  which  is subject to the confirmation of the Senate, nominating
  and seconding speeches shall be limited to fifteen minutes per conference.
 
    b. Members are expected to uphold the highest standards  of  civility  in
  dealing  with other members. Debate should be dignified and lacking in per-
  sonal invective. A Senator rising to debate or present a paper, to  give  a
  notice, to make a motion or report, shall address the Presiding Officer and
  shall  not  proceed  further until recognized by the Chair; he or she shall
  speak on the same subject but twice the same day without leave of the  Sen-
  ate; and when two or more Senators address the Chair, the Presiding Officer
  shall  name  the  Senator  who is first to speak. A Senator, while speaking
  after recognition by the Chair, may, upon request of a  Senator,  yield  to
  him or her temporarily without thereby relinquishing his or her prior right
  to  the  floor  and, thereafter, may terminate such interruption and resume
  speaking at any time; provided, however, that it shall not be in order  for
 
 
  a  Senator  to rise and request that a Senator, other than the one with the
  right to the floor, yield to a question. Furthermore, it shall  not  be  in
  order for a Senator, with the right to the floor, to ask another Senator to
  yield  to  a question, unless such Senator has previously spoken during the
  debate on the matter. All questions and responses shall be directed through
  the chair, and the presiding officer shall not be interrupted  when  speak-
  ing.  After  completion  of the order of business for the day, and with the
  unanimous consent of the Senate,  a  Senator  may  make  a  statement,  not
  exceeding  fifteen  minutes  in  length, concerning a subject or matter not
  pending before the Senate for consideration.
 
    c. When a Senator shall be called to order, he or she shall take  his  or
  her  seat  until  the Presiding Officer shall have determined whether he or
  she is in order or not; and if decided to be out of order, he or she  shall
  not  proceed  without  the  permission of the Senate; and every question of
  order shall be decided by the Presiding Officer, subject to  an  appeal  to
  the Senate by any Senator. It shall require an affirmative vote of a major-
  ity  of  all  members  elected to overrule a ruling of the Chair. No second
  appeal shall be determined until the original appeal shall be decided;  and
  if  a Senator shall be called to order for words spoken, the words excepted
  to shall be immediately taken down in writing.
 
    � 5. Presentation of papers.  a.  A  Senator  presenting  a  paper  shall
  endorse  the same with his or her name and a brief written statement of the
  subject of its contents.
 
    b. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions,  and  the
  same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined by a vote of the
  Senate, without debate.
 
    �  6.  Call  of the Senate. For the purpose of securing the attendance of
  Senators, a call of the Senate may be ordered at any time,  but  such  call
  shall not be in order after the voting on any question has begun, nor after
  the  third  reading  of  a bill has been completed, nor after the motion to
  close debate has been ordered pursuant  to  section  three  of  this  Rule,
  unless it shall appear upon an actual count by the Presiding Officer that a
  quorum is not present.
 
    � 7. Absences. In all cases of absence of Senators during the sessions of
  the  Senate,  the Temporary President or a majority of the Senators elected
  may take such measures as they deem necessary to secure the presence of the
  absentees, and in addition to suspension for a given  period,  may  inflict
  such censure or penalty as they may deem just on those who shall not render
  sufficient excuse for their absence.
 
    �  8.  Staffing.  All  Senators shall receive the same base allocation of
  funds for staffing their offices. Additional funding  for  responsibilities
  associated  with  committees  and  leadership  positions shall be allocated
  within amounts available for committee and leadership staff;  such  amounts
  shall  include, at a minimum, a budget sufficient to appoint a staff member
  with expertise in the committee's subject matter.  The funding for the Dem-
  ocratic conference central staff shall not be less than thirty  percent  of
  the funds allocated for all central staff on a per member basis.
 
 
    � 9. Resources. All Senators shall have equitable access to the resources
  of  the  Senate,  including,  but not limited to, office supplies, communi-
  cations and audio visual resources, mail privileges  subject  to  published
  guidelines,  technology,  including  both  hardware and software, and equal
  access  to the Legislative Bill Drafting Commission's Legislative Retrieval
  System.
 
    � 10. District Offices. All Senators will receive  funds  to  maintain  a
  district office. Rents of district offices shall be based on a cost formula
  of  office  rental costs of an equal class of commercial office space based
  on the prevailing rent in the community where the Senator chooses  to  have
  his or her district office. A Senator whose district has geographic dispar-
  ities  such  that traversing the district is a hardship for his or her con-
  stituents, as determined by the Majority Coalition Leaders,  shall  receive
  supplemental funding to maintain a satellite office.
 
    � 11. Allocation for Community Projects. Each conference shall receive an
  allocation  from any amounts to be awarded by the Senate for community pro-
  jects, capital spending, local assistance or other similar allocations  for
  member driven initiatives. The Majority Coalition shall receive seventy-one
  percent  of  such funds and the Democratic Conference shall receive twenty-
  nine percent of such funds; provided however that  such  percentages  shall
  increase or decrease to reflect any changes in the membership of either the
  Majority Coalition or the Democratic Conference.
 
 
                                    RULE XI
 
  SENATE CHAMBERS
 
    Section 1. Open doors. The doors of the Senate shall be kept open, except
  when the public welfare shall require secrecy.
 
    �  2.  Admission to floor. Persons not members of the Senate, or officers
  or employees thereof, shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate only  as
  follows:
 
    a. The Governor, his or her secretary and messenger.
 
    b.  The  members  and Clerk of the Assembly, and clerks and messengers of
  the Assembly in the exercise of an official duty  directly  connected  with
  the business of the Senate.
 
    c. The elected State officers, heads of departments and their deputies.
 
    d.  Reporters  of  the  Senate  and  of the Assembly designated under the
  rules, unless a designation theretofore given them has been revoked.
 
    e. Members of a Senator's family, or of the family of  the  President  of
  the Senate.
 
    f. Former members of the Senate.
 
    g.  Any person not hereinbefore named may be admitted to the floor of the
  Senate, with the permission of the Secretary of the Senate.
 
    h. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions a  through  g  of  this
  section,  no  person  shall  be  admitted to the floor of the Senate who is
  interested in pending or contemplated legislation, or who is employed by or
  receives compensation from any public or  private  source  for  influencing
  legislation.
 
    i.  During  the  sessions  of  the Senate, no person other than a Senator
  shall occupy the chair of a Senator, or stand in or  otherwise  occupy  any
  part  of  the area between the last row of Senators' chairs on the east and
  west sides of the Chamber, and the east and west walls thereof, respective-
  ly. All persons in the Senate Chamber shall observe proper rules  of  order
  and decorum.
 
    j.  It  shall be the duty of the Sergeant at Arms strictly to enforce the
  provisions of this section, and it shall be in order  for  any  Senator  to
  call a breach thereof to the attention of the Presiding Officer.
 
 
                                    RULE XII
 
  SUSPENSION OF THE RULES
 
    Section 1. Resolution to amend the Senate Rules. No amendment to the Sen-
  ate  Rules  shall  be considered by the Senate unless a resolution for such
  amendment, together with a memorandum specifying the purpose  of  the  pro-
  posed amendment, suspension, or rescission, shall be introduced to the Com-
  mittee on Rules and reported therefrom to the Senate floor.  Passing of any
  such  rules change shall require an affirmative vote of three-fifths of all
  Senators elected.
 
    � 2. Motion for Chamber Consideration. a. It shall be in  order  for  any
  Senator, who is the sponsor of a bill that is on the Senate's Third Reading
  Calendar, to move for chamber consideration of such bill. Such motion shall
  require  an  affirmative  vote  of three-fifths of members elected. Where a
  motion for chamber consideration is approved, such bill shall be considered
  by the full Senate on the first calendar legislative day  after  four  days
  shall  have  passed. Provided however, where such motion is approved within
  the last five scheduled days of the regular legislative session, such  bill
  shall  be considered by the Senate no later than the next calendar legisla-
  tive day.
 
    b. On any calendar legislative day, no more than two motions for  chamber
  consideration  shall  be  in  order  before the Senate. The sponsor of such
  motion shall serve written notice of intent to bring such motion  at  least
  one  calendar  legislative day before such motion shall be made, specifying
  the date the motion is to be made.
 
    � 3. Petition for Consideration. a. The sponsor of any bill may file with
  the Journal Clerk, no less than forty-five  days  after  a  bill  has  been
  referred  to  a committee, a petition requesting that such bill be moved to
  the calendar for consideration. Such petition shall be filed with the Jour-
  nal Clerk. Once the petition is signed by at least three-fifths of the mem-
  bers elected, the petition shall be read during the order  of  presentation
  of petitions and the bill reported to the third reading calendar.
 
    b.  No petition for consideration shall be in order on or after the first
  Monday in June.
 
 
                                   RULE XIII
 
  ADJOURNMENT
 
    Section  1.  The  Senate shall not adjourn for more than two days without
  the consent of the Assembly.
 
 
                                    RULE XIV
 
  GUIDELINES FOR A SYSTEM OF INTERNAL CONTROLS
 
    Section 1. Pursuant to Article 6 of the Legislative Law as enacted by the
  New  York state governmental accountability, audit and internal control act
  of 1987, the following guidelines for a  System  of  Internal  Control  are
  hereby established:
 
    a.  all  financial  transactions shall be executed in accordance with the
  general or specific authorization of the Temporary President or his or  her
  designated representative;
 
    b. all financial transactions shall be recorded in conformity with gener-
  ally  accepted  accounting  principles  or other applicable criteria and to
  maintain accountability for assets;
 
    c. access to assets shall  be  permitted  only  in  accordance  with  the
  authorization of the Temporary President or his or her designated represen-
  tative;
 
    d.  the  recorded  accountability  for  assets shall be compared with the
  existing assets at reasonable intervals and  appropriate  action  shall  be
  taken with respect to any differences; and
 
    e.  the  system  of  internal controls shall provide reasonable assurance
  that the foregoing are accomplished.
 
    � 2. Expenditure reporting. The Temporary  President  shall  establish  a
  system of expenditure reporting whereby expenditures of the Senate shall be
  reported  by  such  categories  as  he  or  she shall determine. Reports of
  expenditures by such system shall be published in a form to  be  prescribed
  by the Temporary President.
 
 
                                    RULE XV
 
  FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
 
    Section  1.  a. Publication of records relating to Senate legislative and
  administrative records. Recognizing that legislative records  available  by
  request  under  the  "freedom  of  information law" are of important public
  interest, the Senate shall make available through a searchable and sortable
  database on the Senate website: records of committees, agendas, votes, min-
  utes, reports, attendance, fiscal notes, and records of the chamber includ-
  ing, active lists, votes, transcripts, calendars, the Senate payroll report
  and expenditure reports.
 
    b. Furthermore all such records listed in subdivision a shall  be  avail-
  able for public inspection and copying in accordance with the provisions of
  Article 6 of the Public Officers Law, "the freedom of information law."
 
    c.  The Secretary of the Senate shall be the repository for all rules and
  regulations regarding public inspection and copying of Senate records. Such
  rules  and  regulations  shall pertain to the times and places such records
  are available, the persons from whom such records may be obtained, the fees
  for copies of such records and the procedures to be followed.
 
    d. Nothing in this section shall be construed to increase the legislative
  requirements set forth in subdivision 2 or 3 of section 88  of  the  public
  officers law.
 
 
                                    RULE XVI
 
  TELEVISING SENATE SESSION
 
    Section  1.  Any televised proceedings of sessions of the Senate shall be
  made available for statewide television broadcast, pursuant to the  follow-
  ing:
 
    a.  All  televised  proceedings  of the Senate session shall be unedited,
  except that only accredited news organizations,  educational  institutions,
  and public affairs documentary programs may utilize any portion of the Sen-
  ate television feed.
 
    b. No portion of the televised proceedings (either live or taped) author-
  ized pursuant to this section may be utilized for:
 
    (1) campaign or political purposes or to promote or oppose a ballot issue
  or the candidacy of any person for any elective office; or
 
    (2) any paid commercial advertisements.
 
    �  2. The televised proceedings of sessions of the Senate as provided for
  in section one of this Rule, in any form, shall be deemed the  property  of
  the New York State Senate.
 
 
                PERMANENT JOINT RULES OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY
 
                                  JOINT RULE I
 
    Section  1. Requirement of Fiscal Impact Notes. Fiscal impact notes shall
  be required for all bills and amendments, other than those excepted as pro-
  vided in section four hereof, which would substantially affect the revenues
  or expenses, or both, of any county, city, town, village,  school  district
  or  special district (hereinafter referred to as "political subdivisions").
  For purposes of this Joint Rule and section 51 of the Legislative Law,  the
  term  "special district" shall mean a district possessing the power to con-
  tract indebtedness and levy or require the levy of taxes or benefit assess-
  ments upon real property.
 
    � 2. Sufficiency and Contents of Fiscal Impact Notes. Fiscal impact notes
  shall be deemed sufficient for purposes of this Joint Rule if  prepared  in
  conformity with this section.
 
    A.  Scope  of fiscal estimates. Fiscal impact upon political subdivisions
  shall be estimated on the basis of any one or more of the following:
 
    (i) Individual political subdivisions; or
 
    (ii) Aggregates of political subdivisions  (a)  statewide  or  by  lesser
  geographic  area, or (b) by classification or subclassification of relevant
  characteristics; or
 
    (iii) Representative political subdivisions with relevant characteristics
  thereof quantitatively set forth, e.g., population, area, weighted  average
  daily attendance of pupils; or
 
    (iv)  Any  other  appropriate, convenient or accessible grouping of poli-
  tical subdivisions.
 
    B. Units of measurement. Fiscal impact  measurements  shall  be  made  in
  units  of  money,  personal  services, equipment, or any other appropriate,
  convenient or accessible units of measurement.
 
    C. Negligible Impact. A fiscal impact note filed by the sponsor of a bill
  which states that the fiscal impact of the  bill  is  negligible  shall  be
  deemed to be in compliance with this Joint Rule.
 
    �  3.  Procedure.  A.  (i)  The Temporary President of the Senate and the
  Speaker of the Assembly shall each designate a  person  in  such  officer's
  respective  house to examine each bill in such house, without regard to its
  house of origin, for the purpose of ascertaining whether  a  fiscal  impact
  note is required pursuant to this Joint Rule, and if such note is required,
  such person shall so notify the sponsor of such bill.
 
    (ii)  The sponsor of such bill shall provide such fiscal impact note on a
  separate form prescribed therefor by the Temporary President of the  Senate
  and the Speaker of the Assembly jointly.
 
 
    (iii)  Such  fiscal impact note shall state the source thereof, which may
  be the sponsor; provided, however, that in the case of a bill proposed by a
  state department or agency, such note shall be prepared  and  furnished  by
  such department or agency.
 
    (iv)  Such  designated  person  in each house shall thereupon review each
  fiscal impact note for compliance with the provisions of this Joint Rule.
 
    B. No bill requiring a fiscal impact note shall be reported to the  floor
  of  the house unless accompanied by the appropriate note for the version of
  such bill so reported, except as provided in section four hereof.
 
    C. If an amendment to a bill has a fiscal  impact,  the  member  offering
  such amendment shall provide the fiscal impact note required by such amend-
  ment. If such amendment prevails, the sponsor shall provide a fiscal impact
  note for the amended bill before final passage, unless excepted pursuant to
  subdivision F of section four hereof.
 
    � 4. Exceptions. A fiscal impact note shall not be required for a bill:
 
    A. subject to the provisions of section 50 of the Legislative Law;
 
    B.  requested  by  a county, city, town or village in accordance with the
  provisions of paragraph two of subdivision (b) of section two of Article IX
  of the Constitution;
 
    C. which provides discretionary authority to a political subdivision;
 
    D. submitted pursuant to section 24 of the State Finance Law;
 
    E. reported to the floor of the House by the  Rules  Committee,  if  such
  committee,  in its discretion, determines that such action is in the public
  interest;
 
    F. which has been amended on the floor of either house,  where  a  fiscal
  impact  note  would  otherwise  have been required for such amended bill by
  this Joint Rule and section 51 of the Legislative  Law,  if  the  Temporary
  President  of  the  Senate or the Speaker of the Assembly, respectively, in
  such officer's discretion, determines that the amended bill may be acted on
  in such officer's house without such note; or
 
    G. which inadvertently passes the Legislature where a fiscal impact  note
  would otherwise have been required by this Joint Rule and section 51 of the
  Legislative Law.
 
    �  5.  Effect  of Inaccuracy. If the estimate or estimates contained in a
  fiscal impact note are inaccurate, such inaccuracy shall not affect, impair
  or invalidate such bill.
 
    � 6. Application. The provisions of this Joint Rule shall apply to  bills
  and  amendments  proposed  for introduction at the nineteen hundred eighty-
  five regular legislative session and permanently thereafter.
 
 
                                 JOINT RULE II
 
    Section 1. Committee on Conference. The Temporary President of the Senate
  and  the  Speaker  of the Assembly may jointly convene a Joint Committee on
  Conference to consider and report upon substantially similar but not  iden-
  tical  legislation that has passed each House of the Legislature. Such com-
  mittee shall be constituted by the filing of a  joint  certificate  by  the
  Temporary  President of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly with the
  Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the Assembly, and shall consist of
  the same number of members from each House. Unless  otherwise  provided  in
  the  certificate,  there  shall be five members on such committee from each
  House to be appointed by the Temporary President of the  Senate  who  shall
  appoint  the  members  from  the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly who
  shall appoint the members from the Assembly;  provided,  however,  that  of
  each House's delegation at least one member shall represent the minority in
  each  House.  The  Temporary President of the Senate and the Speaker of the
  Assembly shall each appoint a co-chairperson of the committee and such  co-
  chairpersons  shall  convene and recess meetings of the committee. Meetings
  jointly convened by the co-chairpersons shall be subject to the  provisions
  of Article 7 of the Public Officers Law. The committee shall file a written
  report  setting  forth  the  joint  recommendations  of  a majority of each
  House's delegation with the Secretary of the Senate and the  Clerk  of  the
  Assembly  or  such  other committees or officers as may be set forth in the
  certificate and such report may include specific bill language  that  would
  implement  the  joint committee's recommendations. No report shall be filed
  except upon the affirmative vote of a  majority  of  the  members  of  each
  House's delegation on the committee.
 
 
                                 JOINT RULE III
 
    Section 1. Budget Consideration Schedule. In accordance with section 54-a
  of  the Legislative Law, within ten days of the submission of the budget by
  the Governor pursuant to article VII of  the  Constitution,  the  Temporary
  President  of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly shall promulgate a
  schedule of dates for considering and acting  upon  such  submission.  Such
  schedule  shall include the dates for those actions required to be taken by
  the legislature pursuant to section 53 of the Legislative  Law,  dates  for
  the  convening of a joint budget conference committee or committees as pro-
  vided herein, and a date by which such committee or committees shall  issue
  a final report or reports.
 
    �  2.  Joint Budget Conference Committee. In accordance with section 54-a
  of the Legislative Law, within ten days of the submission of the budget  by
  the  Governor  pursuant  to  article VII of the Constitution, the Temporary
  President of the Senate and the  Speaker  of  the  Assembly  shall  jointly
  establish  a Joint Budget Conference Committee and, as they deem necessary,
  any number of subcommittees subordinate to  such  Joint  Budget  Conference
  Committee,  to  consider  and  reconcile  such  budget resolutions or bills
  passed by, or as may be passed by, the Senate and  Assembly.    Such  Joint
  Budget  Conference  Committee  shall  be  constituted and conducted as pre-
  scribed in Joint Rule II and shall file its written report in  accord  with
  the schedule established pursuant to section 1 of this rule.
 
 
                                 JOINT RULE IV
 
    Section  1.  Joint  Advisory  Board on Broadcast of State Government Pro-
  ceedings. The Temporary President of the Senate  and  the  Speaker  of  the
  Assembly  shall  convene  a bi-partisan, bi-cameral joint advisory board to
  oversee current and future broadcast of  New  York  State  Government  pro-
  ceedings.  This board shall consist of eight members of whom three shall be
  appointed by the Temporary President of the Senate, three members shall  be
  appointed  by the Speaker of the Assembly and one member shall be appointed
  by each of the minority leaders of each house.  The appointments  shall  be
  of members of the respective houses of the Legislature. The Temporary Pres-
  ident  of  the  Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly shall each appoint a
  co-chair of the board.
 
    � 2. Duties of the Joint Advisory Board. The joint advisory  board  shall
  engage  in  such  activities  as it deems necessary for the preparation and
  formulation of a report to review the efficacy of current  programming  and
  explore  future  expansion  of  such  to include additional legislative and
  other governmental proceedings, as well as other related public policy  and
  educational  material.  The  report  shall include specific recommendations
  concerning the broadcast or webcast on the Internet of all legislative com-
  mittee meetings. On or before November 1, 2009, the report shall be submit-
  ted to the Temporary President of the Senate, the Speaker of the  Assembly,
  the Minority Leader of the Senate and the Minority Leader of the Assembly.
 
 
                          INDEX TO RULES OF THE SENATE
 
                                       A
 
  ABSENTEES-----
 
    Censure or penalty for unexcused ............................ X Sec. 7
    Excuse of ................................................... X Sec. 1
    Suspension of unexcused ....................................  X Sec. 7
    Securing presence of ........................................ X Sec. 7
    Sergeant at arms may be sent for ...................... X Sec. 2, sb a
 
  ADJOURNMENT-----
 
    Limitation upon .......................................... XIII Sec. 1
    Measure under consideration at ........................ X Sec. 3, sb f
    Motion for, always in order, exceptions .............. VI Sec. 8, sb b
    Debate not allowed on ................................ VI Sec. 8, sb b
    One, only, in order after close of debate ............. X Sec. 3, sb f
    Precedence of, when question pending ................. VI Sec. 8, sb a
    Previous question ................................. VI Sec. 8, sb a, d
    Reconsideration of, not in order ..................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
 
  ADMISSION TO FLOOR-----
 
    Persons entitled to ........................................ XI Sec. 2
    Reporters entitled to ....................................... V Sec. 5
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb d
    Sergeant at arms to enforce rules respecting ................ V Sec. 6
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb j
 
  ALTER OR AMEND SENATE RULES (See "RULES OF SENATE")
 
  AMENDMENTS-----
 
    Bills reported favorably, if amended to be reprinted ...... VII Sec. 3
    Constitutional, how treated ......................... VII Sec. 9, sb c
    Filing of ............................................ IX Sec. 4, sb c
    Germane, requirement respecting ..................... VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Matter added and eliminated by, how treated ......... VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Motion to amend by non-sponsor ....................... IX Sec. 4, sb a
    Order of precedence of motion offering ............... VI Sec. 8, sb a
    Pending, after debate, how vote taken ................. X Sec. 3, sb e
    Preparation of ............................................ VII Sec. 4
    Proposed, to be filed with committee chairman ........ IX Sec. 4, sb c
    Restoring bill to earlier form ............................ VII Sec. 3
    Third reading, allowed prior to completion of ........ IX Sec. 4, sb c
    Two copies for introduction of ...................... VII Sec. 4, sb b
 
  AMENDMENTS TO FEDERAL CONSTITUTION
 
  (See "CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES")
 
  AMENDMENTS TO STATE CONSTITUTION
 
 
  (See "CONSTITUTION OF NEW YORK STATE")
 
  APPEAL-----
 
    Decision of presiding officer subject to ................... IV Sec. 1
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb c
    Motions or questions on, when not debatable ........ X Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Second, not to be determined until original is decided  X Sec. 4, sb c
 
  APPROPRIATIONS-----
 
    Employees provided for by, appointment of ................... V Sec. 4
    Quorum required for certain bills making .............. X Sec. 2, sb c
    Reconsideration of vote on bills making .............. VI Sec. 9, sb b
    Reference of bills or resolutions providing for .......... VIII Sec. 7
    Resolutions making, vote required ................... VII Sec. 9, sb d
    Vote required for certain bills making ................ X Sec. 2, sb b
 
  ASSEMBLY-----
 
    Bills, amended and returned by ............................. IX Sec. 8
      Introduced by message from .............................. VII Sec. 1
      Recalled from, reconsideration of .................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Substitution of, for Senate bills ........................ IX Sec. 5
    Consent of, necessary for adjournment longer than two days XIII Sec. 1
    Messages from, shall be received at any time ............... VI Sec. 4
    Resolution recalled from, reconsideration of ......... VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Resolution recalling bill or resolution from ........ VII Sec. 9, sb a
 
  AYES AND NAYS-----
 
    Final passage,to be taken on, and entered on journal.. IX Sec. 6, sb b
    Five Senators may require "slow" roll call of ............ VIII Sec. 6
                                                           IX Sec. 6, sb b
    Quorum, presence of, when determined by call of ....... X Sec. 2, sb f
 
                                       B
 
  BILLS-----
 
    Action on, Secretary's duty respecting ...................... V Sec. 5
    Amended by restoring to earlier printed form .............. VII Sec. 3
    Amending Constitution, amendment and committal ...... VII Sec. 9, sb c
    Amending existing laws, matter eliminated in brackets VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Amending existing laws, new matter underscored ...... VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Amendments, how prepared ............................ VII Sec. 4, sb b
      Must be germane to original object of ............. VII Sec. 4, sb b
      Allowed any time prior to third reading ............ IX Sec. 4, sb a
    Appropriating money, etc. .......................... X Sec. 2, sb b, c
      Fiscal notes required .................................. VIII Sec. 7
    Bill sections, requirements respecting ............. VIII Sec. 4, sb a
    Budget bills, submission of, by Governor .................. VII Sec. 6
    Constitutional quorum on vote for certain ............. X Sec. 2, sb c
      If absent retains place on calendar ................. X Sec. 2, sb d
      Needed only for final passage ....................... X Sec. 2, sb e
 
 
    Copies of, number required for introduction ............... VII Sec. 1
    Correction of, by revision clerk .......................... VII Sec. 1
    Daily calendar of ........................................... V Sec. 5
    Debate on, generally ........................................ X Sec. 3
    Desks of Senators, to be placed on ........................ VII Sec. 3
    Explanatory note to be appended to certain .......... VII Sec. 4, sb a
    Final date for introduction ............................... VII Sec. 5
    Final passage of, generally ................................ IX Sec. 6
      Appropriating money, requirements for certain .... X Sec. 2, sb b, c
      Appropriating money, when may be reconsidered ...... VI Sec. 9, sb b
      Preparation for .................................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
      Presiding officer to certify ............................. IV Sec. 2
      Question on, not debatable after third reading ..... IX Sec. 6, sb b
      Question on, taken immediately after third reading . IX Sec. 6, sb b
      Quorum required for, certain bills ........................ X Sec. 2
      Vote on, how taken ................................. IX Sec. 6, sb b
      Vote required for, certain bills .......................... X Sec. 2
      When declared lost ................................. IX Sec. 6, sb b
    "Home rule" requests necessary before bill passage . VIII Sec. 5, sb c
    Fiscal notes required, in certain cases .................. VIII Sec. 7
    Illegible bills to be returned ...................... VII Sec. 4, sb a
    Introduction of ........................................... VII Sec. 1
      By Senator, committee, message, etc. .................... VII Sec. 1
      Memos ................................................... ViI Sec. 1
      Reading, first and second, prior to ..................... VII Sec. 1
      Two copies required for ................................. VII Sec. 1
      Time limit on ........................................... VII Sec. 5
    Jacketing of, by Jacketing Clerk ..................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
    Laid aside, retain place, order of business .......... VI Sec. 6, sb b
      Time restriction ................................... IX Sec. 6, sb a
    Motions respecting (See "Motions")
    Multi-sponsorship ......................................... VII Sec. 2
    New matter, how shown ............................... VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Notice of public hearing on .............................. VIII Sec. 4
    Official copy ........................................ IX Sec. 3, sb b
    Passage of, certification by presiding officer ............. IV Sec. 2
    Passage of, certain requirements for final ................. IX Sec. 1
    Petition out of committee, notice ......................... XII Sec. 3
    Printed immediately on introduction ....................... VII Sec. 3
    Program, departmental and agency,
      submitted to Temporary President ........................ VII Sec. 7
      Offered to Minority Leader .............................. VII Sec. 7
    Placed on bill files on desks of Senators ................. VII Sec. 3
    Private or local, one subject only, expressed in title .... VII Sec. 4
    Public hearing on ........................................ VIII Sec. 4
    Quorum, three-fifths, required for passage
      of certain ....................................... X Sec. 2, sb c, e
      Reading, first and second ............................... VII Sec. 1
      Recalled from Assembly, etc., subject to certain rules ... IX Sec. 8
      For amendment, or amended by Assembly .................... IX Sec. 8
      For reconsideration ................................ VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Reconsideration of ......................................... VI Sec. 9
      When not in order .................................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Referred to Revision Clerk ................................ VII Sec. 1
    Referred to Jacketing Clerk .......................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
 
 
    Reintroduction for second year of term .................... VII Sec. 8
    Repealing existing laws ................................... VII Sec. 4
    Report of committee to which bill referred ....... VIII Sec. 5 sb a, b
    Reported favorably, with amendments, to be reprinted ...... VII Sec. 3
    Reprinting, when not complying with rules ........... VII Sec. 4, sb b
    Restored to earlier form, not to be reprinted ............. VII Sec. 3
    Revision Clerk shall return, if illegible ........... VII Sec. 4, sb a
    Special order, if incompleted, bill retains place .......... VI Sec. 5
    Starred bills .............................................. IX Sec. 7
    State department bills, last day for submission ........... VII Sec. 5
    Subject matter jurisdiction, primary, secondary .... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Substitution of Assembly bills ............................. IX Sec. 5
    Third reading calendar, what constitutes ............. IX Sec. 3, sb a
      Provisions regarding ............................... IX Sec. 6, sb a
    Third reading, no amendments allowed on completion of  IX Sec. 4, sb a
      Order of precedence ................................ VI Sec. 6, sb a
    Three day rule, before passage ............................. IX Sec. 1
    Three-fifths quorum required for passage of certain  X Sec. 2, sb c, e
    Three readings required before passage ............... IX Sec. 2, sb a
    Time limit on introduction of ............................. VII Sec. 5
    Titles of, amending certain laws, what to contain ......... VII Sec. 4
    To amend Constitution, limitation on amendment ...... VII Sec. 9, sb c
    Two-thirds vote required for passage of certain .... X Sec. 2, sb b, e
    Two year "carry over" ..................................... VII Sec. 8
    Vetoed by Governor, vote for passage .................. X Sec. 2, sb b
 
  BUDGET BILLS (See also "APPROPRIATIONS")-----
 
    Consideration of .......................................... VII Sec. 6
    Reference of .............................................. VII Sec. 6
 
  BUFFALO-----
 
    Amendments to charter of ............................ VII Sec. 4, sb a
 
  BUSINESS-----
 
    Interruption of, prohibited ........................... X Sec. 4, sb a
    Invocation, daily ..................................... X Sec. 4, sb a
    Journal to be read and approved, first business ...... VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Order of ................................................... VI Sec. 3
    Pledge of allegiance to the flag ..................... VI Sec. 3, sb a
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb a
    Quorum necessary to do ............................... VI Sec. 3, sb b
                                                            X Sec. 2, sb a
 
                                       C
 
  CALENDAR-----
    Bills, acted upon in their order on .................. VI Sec. 6, sb a
      Certain, to retain place on ......................... X Sec. 2, sb d
      Daily ..................................................... V Sec. 5
    General, how constituted ................................... VI Sec. 6
    Resolutions, acted upon in their order on ............ VI Sec. 3, sb b
                                                          VII Sec. 9, sb e
 
 
    Secretary's duty respecting bills on ........................ V Sec. 5
    Special orders, when unfinished ........................... VII Sec. 5
    Third reading, what bills to constitute .............. IX Sec. 3, sb a
 
  CALL OF SENATE-----
 
    Motion for, and order of precedence .................. VI Sec. 8, sb b
    When may be ordered ......................................... X Sec. 6
    When not in order ........................................... X Sec. 6
 
  CLOSE DEBATE, MOTION TO-----
 
    May be ordered on single motion, etc. ........... X Sec. 3, sb d, e, f
    May embrace all pending motions or amendments ...... X Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Motions in order after adoption of ................. X Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Not amendable or debatable ............................ X Sec. 3, sb d
    To be immediately put ................................. X Sec. 3, sb d
 
  COMMIT, MOTION TO-----
 
    Allowable after adoption of motion to close debate .... X Sec. 3, sb f
    Order of precedence of certain ....................... VI Sec. 8, sb a
    Until decided, precludes debate on main question ..... VI Sec. 8, sb d
 
  COMMITTEE-----
 
    Bills introduced on report of, to be referred to .......... VII Sec. 1
      Jurisdiction over, secondary, primary ............ VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Official hearings, testimony ............................. VIII Sec. 4
    Petition, motion to ......................................... X Sec. 2
      Notice required; exceptions ............................... X Sec. 2
    Public hearing by, prior notice required ................. VIII Sec. 4
    Report from, involving seat of Senator, always in order .... VI Sec. 4
    Report, disposition of ............................. VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Shall be entered upon journal .................... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Shall be made by majority of ..................... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Shall be made directly to Committee on Rules, when VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Committee presentations .......................... VIII Sec. 3, sb d
      Motion for committee consideration ............... VIII Sec. 3, sb e
      Committee oversight function ..................... VIII Sec. 4, sb c
      Petition for a public hearing on a bill .......... VIII Sec. 4, sb e
 
  COMMITTEE ON CONFERENCE-----
 
    Joint Committee created .................................. PJR* Sec. 1
    * PJR = Permanent Joint Rule of Senate and Assembly
 
  COMMITTEES-----
 
    Chairs of, appointment by Temporary President ............. III Sec. 2
    Deputy Republican Conference Leader,
      ex officio member of all ............................... VIII Sec. 1
    Deputy Independent Democratic
      Conference Leader, ex officio member of all............. VIII Sec. 1
    Deputy Democratic Conference Leader,
 
 
     ex officio member of all ................................ VIII Sec. 1
    Executive sessions, conduct ........... VIII Sec. 3, sb a Par (5), (6)
      Minutes required; exception ......... VIII Sec. 3, sb b Par (2), (3)
    Meeting of scheduled, open ......................... VIII Sec. 3, sb a
      Minutes required; available to public VIII Sec. 3, sb b Par (1), (3)
    Members of, appointment by Temporary President ............ III Sec. 2
    Democratic Conference Leader, ex officio member of all ... VIII Sec. 1
    Select, reports of ................................... VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Standing, list of, and number of members
      composing, continuing .................................. VIII Sec. 1
      Special meetings, when may be held........ VIII Sec. 3, sb a Par (2)
      Republican Conference Leader,
      ex officio member of all ............................... VIII Sec. 1
      Independent Democratic Conference Leader,
      ex officio member of all ............................... VIII Sec. 1
 
  CONCURRENT RESOLUTION (See "RESOLUTIONS")
 
  CONSTITUTION OF NEW YORK STATE-----
 
    Resolution to amend, amendment of, further reference to
      Attorney General .................................. VII Sec. 9, sb c
    Amendment of, limitation on, after
      ordered to third reading .......................... VII Sec. 9, sb c
    After final passage, duty of Presiding Officer ............. IV Sec. 2
    Final reading of, may be committed prior to ........... V Sec. 9, sb c
    Treated same as bill .................................. V Sec. 9, sb c
 
  CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES-----
 
    Resolutions ratifying amendment to .................... V Sec. 9, sb c
      Duty of Presiding Officer upon final passage ............. IV Sec. 2
      Must be germane to affairs of the state ........... VII Sec. 9, sb b
 
  CONTEMPT-----
 
    Refusal of Senator to vote, may be deemed; exception .. X Sec. 1, sb a
 
                                       D
 
  DEBATE-----
 
    Closing ............................................ X Sec. 3, sb d, e
    Germane to the question ............................... X Sec. 3, sb a
    Limitation upon speaking in ........................ X Sec. 3, sb d, e
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb b
    Conference Leaders may speak once after close of ...... X Sec. 3, sb c
    Motion to close, when in order ............... X Sec. 3, sb c, d, e, f
    What motions in order after adoption of ............ X Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Question in, when may be divided ...................... X Sec. 3, sb b
    Question not debatable, call of Senate ............... VI Sec. 8, sb b
    Main question, until certain motions are decided ..... VI Sec. 8, sb d
    Objections to reading paper other than petitions ...... X Sec. 5, sb b
    Of presence of quorum ................................. X Sec. 2, sb f
    On final passage ..................................... IX Sec. 6, sb b
 
 
    Priority of business ......................... VI Sec. 3, sb a par (3)
    To adjourn ........................................... VI Sec. 8, sb b
    To close debate .................................... X Sec. 3, sb d, e
    To commit, when motion to close debate is pending ..... X Sec. 3, sb f
    To lay on table ................................... VI Sec. 8, sb a, b
    Of order, after motion to close debate ................ X Sec. 3, sb f
    Temporary President to close .......................... X Sec. 3, sb f
    Vote taken after, with amendments pending .......... X Sec. 3, sb e, f
 
  DOORS OF SENATE-----
 
    Matters discussed when closed, to be kept secret ........... VI Sec. 7
    Motion to close ............................................ VI Sec. 7
      During discussion of, doors to remain shut ............... VI Sec. 7
    Open except when public welfare requires secrecy ........... XI Sec. 1
 
                                       E
 
  EMPLOYEES-----
 
    Appointment of, generally ................................... V Sec. 4
    Certain, to be appointed by Temporary President ........... III Sec. 4
    Duties of, generally ........................................ V Sec. 4
 
  EXECUTIVE SESSION-----
 
    Committee may call, certain cases .......... VIII Sec. 3, sb a Par (5)
    When Senate shall go into .................................. VI Sec. 7
      All to withdraw, except Senators, etc .................... VI Sec. 7
 
                                       F
 
  FINANCE, STANDING COMMITTEE ON-----
 
    Certain bills and resolutions to be referred to .......... VIII Sec. 7
    Fiscal notes, to keep file of bills requiring ............ VIII Sec. 7
    Certain bills not to be reported without ................. VIII Sec. 7
    Nominations by Governor, to be submitted to; exception ... VIII Sec. 6
 
  FISCAL NOTES-----
 
    Certain bills require .................................... VIII Sec. 7
    Contents of .............................................. VIII Sec. 7
    Filing prior to report by committee ...................... VIII Sec. 7
    Finance committee to maintain file of .................... VIII Sec. 7
 
  FISCAL IMPACT NOTES-----
 
    Applicable for ......................................... PJR* I Sec. 6
    Exceptions to .......................................... PJR* I Sec. 4
    Inaccuracy, effect thereof ............................. PJR* I Sec. 5
    Procedure for .......................................... PJR* I Sec. 3
    Requirements for on bills and amendments ............... PJR* I Sec. 1
    Sufficiency and contents of ............................ PJR* I Sec. 2
    *PJR= Permanent Joint Rule of Senate and Assembly
 
 
  FLOOR-----
 
    Admission to, persons entitled to .......................... XI Sec. 2
    Reporters entitled to admission ........................... III Sec. 5
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb d
    Sergeant at arms to enforce rules respecting ................ V Sec. 6
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb i
    Assistant Sergeant at arms, doorkeepers ..................... V Sec. 6
    Yielding, temporarily ................................. X Sec. 4, sb b
 
  FREEDOM OF INFORMATION-----
 
    Freedom of Information Law ................................. XV Sec. 1
 
                                       G
 
  GALLERIES-----
 
    Disturbance in, presiding officer may clear ................ IV Sec. 1
 
  GOVERNOR-----
 
    Admission to floor ................................... XI Sec. 2, sb a
    Bills returned from, without approval, vote to repass . X Sec. 2, sb b
    Budget bills submitted by ................................. VII Sec. 6
    Messages from, for passage of certain bills ........ VIII Sec. 5, sb c
                                                                 IX Sec. 1
    Order of business of ......................... VI Sec. 3, sb a Par (3)
      Shall be received at any time ............................ VI Sec. 4
    Nominations sent by, reference and confirmation of ....... VIII Sec. 6
 
                                       H
 
  "HOME RULE" REQUESTS-----
 
    Requirement respecting, bill ....................... VIII Sec. 5, sb c
 
                                       J
 
  JACKETING CLERK-----
 
    Shall cause bills to be jacketed ..................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
    Shall cause official copies readied .................. IX Sec. 3, sb b
 
  JOINT RULES-----
 
    Motion to amend, suspend, etc., requires
      written notice or unanimous consent ..................... XII Sec. 2
      Order of business in which received ..................... XII Sec. 2
      When to be made ......................................... XII Sec. 2
    Permanent joint rules of the Senate and Assembly
    (see *COMMITTEE ON CONFERENCE and/or FISCAL IMPACT NOTES)
    Vote required to amend, suspend, etc. ..................... XII Sec. 1
 
  JOURNAL-----
 
 
    Correction of ........................................ VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Executive and legislative proceedings to be in separate .... VI Sec. 1
    Question on final passage of bills to be entered on .. IX Sec. 6, sb b
    Reading and approval of, first business .............. VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Report of committee on bill, when entered upon ..... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Roll Call ............................................ IX Sec. 6, sb b
    Senate shall keep and publish .............................. VI Sec. 1
    Senator's refusal to respond, to be entered on ........ X Sec. 2, sb g
    To be printed, distributed, etc. ............................ V Sec. 5
 
  JUDICIARY, STANDING COMMITTEE ON-----
 
    Nominations referred to .................................. VIII Sec. 6
 
                                       L
 
  LEGISLATIVE LIBRARIAN ....................................... III Sec. 7
 
  LEGISLATIVE LIBRARY ......................................... III Sec. 7
 
    Function of ............................................... III Sec. 7
 
  LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR (See also "PRESIDENT")-----
 
    Shall be President of Senate ................................ I Sec. 1
    Shall have only casting vote in Senate ...................... I Sec. 1
 
  LIMITATION UPON SPEAKING (See "SPEAKING")-----
 
                                       M
 
  MAJORITY-----
 
    Quorum is majority of senators elected ................ X Sec. 2, sb a
    Reconsideration of certain bills requires ............ VI Sec. 9, sb b
    Resolutions for expenditure of money, require ....... VII Sec. 9, sb d
    Suspension of rules requires ................................ X Sec. 1
 
  MESSAGES-----
 
    From Assembly, shall be received at any time ............... VI Sec. 4
    From Governor, shall be received at any time ............... VI Sec. 4
    For passage of certain bills ....................... VIII Sec. 5, sb c
                                                                 IX Sec. 1
    Order of business of, from Governor, and Assembly .... VI Sec. 3, sb a
 
  CONFERENCE LEADERS-----
 
    Closing debate, may speak when ........................ X Sec. 3, sb c
    Ex Officio member of all committees ...................... VIII Sec. 1
 
  MOTIONS-----
 
    For call of the Senate, after close of debate,
      one in order ..................................... X Sec. 3, sb e, f
 
 
      Always in order; exceptions ........................ VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Not debatable ...................................... VI Sec. 8, sb b
    Precedence of ........................................ VI Sec. 8, sb a
    Previous question, of ................................ VI Sec. 8, sb a
    Question pending, when, what motions in order .............. VI Sec. 8
    To adjourn, after close of debate, one
      in order ............................................ X Sec. 3, sb f
      Always in order; exceptions ........................ VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Not debatable ...................................... VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Not to be reconsidered ............................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    To adopt report of Committee on Rules, no other motion
      in order, until decided; exceptions .................... VIII Sec. 2
    To amend rule of Senate or joint rule, when in order ........ X Sec. 1
    To certain day, precludes debate on main question .... VI Sec. 8, sb d
    To close debate, in order after bill, etc., considered
        two hours ......................................... X Sec. 3, sb d
      May be ordered on single motion, series of
        motions, etc. .................................. X Sec. 3, sb e, f
      May embrace all authorized motions,
        amendments, etc. ............................... X Sec. 3, sb e, f
      No other motion in order until voted
        on; exceptions ................................. X Sec. 3, sb e, f
      Not amendable or debatable .......................... X Sec. 3, sb d
      Presiding Officer shall recognize Senator
        wishing to make ................................... X Sec. 3, sb d
    To be immediately put ................................. X Sec. 3, sb d
    To close doors, doors shall remain closed during
      discussion of ............................................ VI Sec. 7
    To commit, after close of debate, one in order ........ X Sec. 3, sb f
      Precludes debate on main question .................. VI Sec. 8, sb d
      To select committee, order of precedence ... VI Sec. 8, sb a Par (7)
      To standing committee, order of precedence . VI Sec. 8, sb a Par (6)
    To excuse from voting, to be decided by consent, two-thirds present
                                                            X Sec. 1, sb b
    To lay on table, always in order; exceptions ......... VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Not debatable ...................................... VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Not to be reconsidered ............................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
      To postpone to certain day, order of
        precedence ............................... VI Sec. 8, sb a Par (5)
    To petition a bill, when out of order ............... VII Sec. 2, sb b
    To petition a bill or resolution out of committee ......... XII Sec. 2
      Agreement required ...................................... XII Sec. 2
      Notice required ......................................... XiI Sec. 2
      When not in order ....................................... XII Sec. 2
    To reconsider, bill recalled from Assembly ........... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Not in order, when bill not in possession of Senate  VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Vote necessary in certain cases .................... VI Sec. 9, sb b
      Vote to adjourn or lay on table, not in order ...... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      When in order ...................................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      When required to be made ........................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      To refer, until decided, precludes debate on main question
                                                           VI Sec. 8, sb d
    To rescind rule or Senate or joint rule, when in order .... XII Sec. 1
    To substitute Assembly for Senate bill, when in order ...... IX Sec. 5
    To suspend rule of Senate or joint rule,
 
 
      Notice required ......................................... XII Sec. 2
      Vote required ........................................... XII Sec. 1
    Withdrawal of, before decision or amendment .......... VI Sec. 8, sb c
    Written, may be required ............................. VI Sec. 8, sb c
 
                                       N
 
  NEW YORK, CITY OF-----
 
    Amendments to charter and administrative code of .... VII Sec. 4, sb a
 
  NOMINATIONS, CONFIRMATION BY SENATE ..................... X Sec. 4, sb a
 
  NOMINATIONS BY GOVERNOR-----
 
    Reference and confirmation of ............................ VIII Sec. 6
 
  NOTICE; REQUIREMENTS RESPECTING-----
    Of motion to amend, suspend or rescind rules .............. XII Sec. 1
    Of motion to petition committee ........................... XII Sec. 2
    Of public hearings by committees ......................... VIII Sec. 4
 
                                       O
 
  OFFICERS-----
 
    Appointment of certain, by Temporary President ............ III Sec. 5
    Certain, to be present during executive sessions ........... VI Sec. 7
      To keep secret proceedings of executive sessions ......... VI Sec. 7
    Duties of, generally ........................................ V Sec. 4
    Election of certain, by Senate .............................. V Sec. 4
    Nominations of, sent by Governor, proceedings upon ....... VIII Sec. 6
    State, communications and reports from, always in order .... VI Sec. 4
    Order of business of ................................. VI Sec. 3, sb a
                                                                 VI Sec. 4
 
  ORDER-----
 
    Of business ................................................ VI Sec. 3
    Cellular phones, audible pagers; use prohibited ....... X Sec. 4, sb a
    Questions of, after motion to close debate,
      not debatable ....................................... X Sec. 3, sb f
    Decision by presiding officer on, subject to appeal ........ IV Sec. 1
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb c
    Senator called to, must take his seat ................. X Sec. 4, sb c
    Senator out of, must not proceed without permission ... X Sec. 4, sb c
    Words on which called to, must be taken in writing .... X Sec. 4, sb c
 
                                       P
 
  PAPERS, PETITIONS, MEMORIALS, ETC.-----
 
    Objection to reading of, how decided .................. X Sec. 5, sb b
    Presented by Senator, shall be endorsed ............... X Sec. 5, sb a
 
 
  PASSAGE OF BILLS (See "BILLS")
 
  PETITION BILL OR RESOLUTION OUT OF COMMITTEE-----
 
    Agreement required to ..................................... XII Sec. 2
    Motion to ................................................. XII Sec. 2
      Limitation on ........................................... XII Sec. 2
      Notice required ......................................... XII Sec. 2
      When not in order ....................................... XII Sec. 2
 
  PETITIONS-----
 
    Endorsement of, required .............................. X Sec. 5, sb a
    Presentation of, first order of business ..... VI Sec. 3, sb a Par (1)
    Subject of, to be endorsed thereon .................... X Sec. 5, sb a
 
  POSTPONE-----
 
    To certain day, motion to, order of precedence ....... VI Sec. 8, sb d
      Until decided, precludes debate on main question ... VI Sec. 8, sb d
 
  PRECEDENCE-----
 
    Of motions ................................................. VI Sec. 8
    Of special order under consideration ....................... VI Sec. 5
    Pending measure to have, after close of debate ........ X Sec. 3, sb d
 
  PRESIDENT-----
 
    Lieutenant Governor shall be ................................ I Sec. 1
    Vote, shall have only casting ............................... I Sec. 1
 
  PRESIDING OFFICER-----
 
    Bills and certain resolutions, shall certify vote by
      which passed ............................................. IV Sec. 2
    Debate, when shall declare closed ..................... X Sec. 3, sb c
    Debate, shall recognize Senator desiring to close ..... X Sec. 3, sb d
    Decisions, may assign reasons for, if appealed from ........ IV Sec. 1
    Executive session, shall direct withdrawal of all except
      members, during .......................................... VI Sec. 7
      Lobbies and galleries, may clear ......................... IV Sec. 1
      Motions, may require to be reduced to writing ...... VI Sec. 8, sb c
      Order, shall decide all questions of subject to appeal ... IV Sec. 1
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb c
    Order and decorum, shall preserve .......................... IV Sec. 1
    Passage of bills and certain resolutions, shall certify .... IV Sec. 2
    Quorum, on questions of, shall direct calling of
      roll ................................................ X Sec. 2, sb f
    Roll call, shall request Senator to respond at ........ X Sec. 2, sb g
    Senate, shall take the chair at hour to which
      adjourned .......................................... VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Senator to speak, when two or more address chair, to
      be named by ......................................... X Sec. 4, sb b
    When other than President .................................. IV Sec. 3
 
 
  PRINTING OF BILLS-----
 
    General provisions relative to ............................ VII Sec. 3
 
  PRIORITY OF BUSINESS-----
 
    Questions relating to, not debatable ......... VI Sec. 3, sb b, par(3)
 
  PRIVATE OR LOCAL BILLS-----
 
    "Home rule" message required before committee report VIII Sec. 5, sb c
    One subject, only, to be expressed in title .. VII Sec. 4, opening Par
 
  PRIVILEGES OF THE FLOOR-----
 
    Persons entitled to ........................................ XI Sec. 2
    Reporters entitled to ..................................... III Sec. 6
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb d
 
  PUBLIC MONEYS-----
 
    Bills appropriating, limitation upon reconsideration . VI Sec. 9, sb b
      Referred to finance committee .......................... VIII Sec. 7
      Three-fifths quorum necessary, passage of certain  X Sec. 2, sb c, e
      Vote necessary for passage of certain ............... X Sec. 2, sb b
    Resolutions calling for expenditure of, how decided . VII Sec. 9, sb d
    Reference to finance committee ........................... VIII Sec. 7
    Vote necessary for passage .......................... VII Sec. 9, sb d
 
                                       Q
 
  QUESTION-----
 
    Division of, in debate ................................ X Sec. 3, sb b
    Germane to, under discussion .......................... X Sec. 3, sb a
    Main, when debate precluded .......................... VI Sec. 8, sb d
    Motion to reconsider, when in order .................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Of priority of business, decided without
    debate.........................................VI Sec. 3, sb b, par(3)
    Reconsideration of, allowed only once, limitations ......... VI Sec. 9
    When before Senate, only certain motions in order .......... VI Sec. 8
    When put and decided ................................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
 
  QUORUM-----
 
    Lack of, Senator not to be interrupted by question of . X Sec. 2, sb f
    Majority of Senators elected constitute ............... X Sec. 2, sb a
    Order of business, when necessary to proceed ......... VI Sec. 3, sb b
      Presence of, how determined, not debatable .......... X Sec. 2, sb f
      How secured ......................................... X Sec. 2, sb a
      Question of, how often may be raised ................ X Sec. 2, sb f
    Senator refusing to respond, counted present for ...... X Sec. 2, sb g
    Three-fifths, required for passage of certain bills  X Sec. 2, sb c, e
      Bill retains place in absence of .................... X Sec. 2, sb d
    When less than, convenes, absentees may be sent for ... X Sec. 2, sb a
 
 
                                       R
 
  RECOMMIT, MOTION TO-----
 
    Until decided, preclude debate on main question ...... VI Sec. 8, sb d
 
  RECONSIDERATION-----
 
    Motions for, bills recalled from Assembly ............ VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Limitations upon ................................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Time within which to be made ....................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Vote necessary for certain ......................... VI Sec. 9, sb b
      When in order ...................................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
      When not in order .................................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Question subject to, only once ....................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Vote to adjourn or lay on table, not subject to ...... VI Sec. 9, sb a
 
  REFERENCE-----
 
    Bills, providing for appropriation ....................... VIII Sec. 7
      To appropriate committee, upon introduction ............. VII Sec. 1
      To revision and jacketing clerks ................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
    Nominations .............................................. VIII Sec. 6
    Resolutions providing for appropriations ................. VIII Sec. 7
 
  REPORTS-----
 
    Committee, certain, to be received at any time ............. VI Sec. 4
      Majority of members necessary for ................ VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Order of business of ............................... VI Sec. 3, sb a
    Expenditure ............................................... XIV Sec. 2
    From state officers ........................................ VI Sec. 4
 
  REPORTERS FOR NEWS MEDIA-----
 
    Admission to floor of Senate .............................. III Sec. 5
                                                           XI Sec. 2, sb d
 
  RESCIND RULES (See "RULES OF SENATE")-----
 
  RESOLUTIONS-----
 
    Action on, Secretary's duty respecting ...................... V Sec. 5
    Appropriating money, reference to finance committee ...... VIII Sec. 7
    Federal law, must be germane to state ............... VII Sec. 9, sb b
      When out of order ................................. VII Sec. 9, sb b
    Introduction of, limitation upon .................... VII Sec. 9, sb a
    Order of business of ................................. VI Sec. 3, sb b
    Original, limitation upon introduction of ........... VII Sec. 9, sb a
      Copies to be supplied Majority Coalition Leaders ... VII Sec 9, sb a
      To be in quadruplicate ............................ VII Sec. 9, sb a
    Petition from committee, notice ....................... X Sec. 2, sb b
    Privileged, certain, always in order ................ VII Sec. 9, sb a
      Certain, regarded as privileged .................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Proposing amendment to Constitution, how treated .... VII Sec. 9, sb c
 
 
      Passage certified by Presiding Officer ................... IV Sec. 2
      Reference to Attorney General ..................... VII Sec. 9, sb c
    Reconsideration of, after out of possession of Senate  VI Sec. 9, sb a
      Limitation upon .................................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Reference to committee; exceptions .................. VII Sec. 9, sb a
    Senator presenting, must endorse ...................... X Sec. 5, sb a
    Vote necessary for certain, calling for
      expenditure of money .............................. VII Sec. 9, sb d
 
  REVISION CLERK-----
 
    Multi-sponsorship ......................................... VII Sec. 2
    Shall receive, examine and correct bills .................. VII Sec. 1
    Shall return bills incorrectly prepared to introducer VII Sec. 4, sb a
 
  RULES-----
 
    Standing committee on ............................. VIII Secs. 1, 2, 3
      Authority to introduce and refer bills ........... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
      Consideration of report of, always in order ............ VIII Sec. 2
      May sit at any time .................................... VIII Sec. 2
      Meeting of ............................................. VIII Sec. 3
      Exclusion from certain provisions ................ VIII Sec. 3, sb c
      News media, open to ...................... VIII Sec. 3, sb a Par (3)
      Report from may be received at any time ................ VIII Sec. 2
      Debate on adoption of .................................. VIII Sec. 2
    Suspension, upon adoption of report of ................... VIII Sec. 2
 
  RULES OF SENATE (See also "MOTIONS")-----
 
    Bills and amendments not complying with .......... VII Sec. 4, sb a, b
    Breach of certain, any Senator may point out ......... XI Sec. 2, sb i
    Motion to amend, suspend, etc. ............................ XII Sec. 2
      Notice required ......................................... XII Sec. 2
      Order of business in which received ........ VI Sec. 3, sb b Par (3)
                                                                XII Sec. 2
      When to be made ......................................... XII Sec. 2
    Suspension, upon adoption of report of
      Rules Committee ........................................ VIII Sec. 2
    Vote required to amend, suspend, etc. ..................... XII Sec. 1
 
                                       S
 
  SECRETARY OF SENATE-----
 
    Assembly, shall deliver certain bills to .................... V Sec. 5
    Bills, duties respecting action on certain .................. V Sec. 5
      Direct Revision Clerk to cause certain to be amendedVII Sec. 4, sb b
      General orders calendar of, shall prepare ................. V Sec. 5
      Governor, shall present certain bills to .................. V Sec. 5
      Journals, shall make entries respecting certain in ........ V Sec. 5
      Presiding Officer shall deliver certain, to .............. IV Sec. 2
    Budget bills to be given introductory number by ........... VII Sec. 6
    Committee hearings, notice to be announced by ............ VIII Sec. 3
    Duties of, generally ........................................ V Sec. 5
 
 
    Election of, by Senate ...................................... V Sec. 4
    Executive business of Senate, to remain during ............. VI Sec. 7
    General orders calendar, to print and distribute ............ V Sec. 5
    Governor, shall present certain bills to .................... V Sec. 5
    Journal, shall have printed, distributed, etc. .............. V Sec. 5
    Motions, when written and delivered to ............... VI Sec. 8, sb c
    Quorum, shall call roll on question of ................ X Sec. 2, sb f
    Senate may choose ........................................... V Sec. 4
    Stenographer, under direction of, copies of records from .... V Sec. 7
    Term of ..................................................... V Sec. 4
    Third reading calendar, to print and distribute ............. V Sec. 5
 
  SENATE (See also "SENATORS")-----
 
    Admission to floor of ...................................... XI Sec. 2
    Call of ..................................................... X Sec. 6
      Always in order; exceptions ............................... X Sec. 6
      Not debatable ...................................... VI Sec. 8, sb b
      Order of precedence ........................ VI Sec. 8, sb a Par (2)
    Committees of ............................................ VIII Sec. 1
    Doors of, to be kept open; exception ....................... XI Sec. 1
    Executive session of ....................................... VI Sec. 7
    Hours in session ........................................... VI Sec. 2
    Journal, shall keep and publish ............................ VI Sec. 1
    Motions received by, precedence of ......................... VI Sec. 8
    Presiding Officer to call to order ......................... VI Sec. 3
    Rules (see "RULES OF SENATE")
    Secretary, may be chosen by ................................. V Sec. 4
    Sergeant at arms, may be chosen by .......................... V Sec. 4
    Stenographer, may be chosen by .............................. V Sec. 4
    Temporary President, shall be chosen by ................... III Sec. 1
 
  SENATE CHAMBER-----
 
    Standing prohibited in certain areas ................. XI Sec. 2, sb h
    Temporary President shall have general control over ....... III Sec. 6
 
  SENATORS-----
 
    Absence of, may be punished ................................. X Sec. 7
    Appeals of, from decision of Presiding Officer ............. IV Sec. 1
                                                            X Sec. 4, sb c
    Presiding Officer may assign reasons ....................... IV Sec. 1
    Attendance of, call of Senate to secure ..................... X Sec. 6
    Other measures to secure, Temporary President or
      majority of elected ....................................... X Sec. 7
    Bills must be placed on bill files on desks of ............ VII Sec. 3
    Business of Senate, not to interrupt .................. X Sec. 4, sb a
    Called to order ....................................... X Sec. 4, sb c
    Chairs of, not to be occupied by others .............. XI Sec. 2, sb h
    Excused from voting, may state reasons ................ X Sec. 1, sb b
    Executive session, shall keep secret proceedings of ........ VI Sec. 7
    Explaining vote upon roll calls ....................... X Sec. 3, sb e
    Floors, may yield temporarily ......................... X Sec. 4, sb b
    Hours in session ........................................... VI Sec. 2
 
 
    Limitation upon speaking during same day .............. X Sec. 4, sb b
    List of bills etc., to be supplied with ..................... V Sec. 5
    Majority of elected, constitute quorum ................ X Sec. 2, sb a
    Motions, may require in writing ...................... VI Sec. 8, sb c
    Order of, during reading of journal ................... X Sec. 4, sb a
    When Presiding Officer is putting question ............ X Sec. 4, sb a
    While another Senator is speaking ..................... X Sec. 4, sb a
    Out of order, shall not proceed ....................... X Sec. 4, sb c
    Personal or pecuniary interest of, in outcome of vote ....... X Sec. 1
    Papers presented by, must be endorsed ................. X Sec. 5, sb a
    Presence of, during sessions required; exceptions ..... X Sec. 1, sb a
    Presiding, vested with powers of President ................. IV Sec. 3
    Question, shall vote on each .......................... X Sec. 1, sb a
    Quorum, raising question of ........................... X Sec. 2, sb f
    Refusing to respond at roll call ...................... X Sec. 2, sb g
    Refusing to vote deemed a contempt .................... X Sec. 1, sb a
    Rising to debate, etc. ................................ X Sec. 4, sb b
    Speaking, limitation upon (See "SPEAKING")
    Statements, may make, in certain cases ................ X Sec. 4, sb b
    Vote, may explain ..................................... X Sec. 3, sb e
      Vote, regularly assigned seat ....................... X Sec. 1, sb a
      Not to, if financially interested ................ X Sec. 1, sb a, b
      Refusal to, may be contempt ......................... X Sec. 1, sb a
      Required to, unless excused ...................... X Sec. 1, sb a, b
    Voting, motion to excuse from, granted by consent ..... X Sec. 1, sb b
    Funds for staffing .......................................... X Sec. 8
    Resources ................................................... X Sec. 9
    District offices ........................................... X Sec. 10
    Allocation for community projects .......................... X Sec. 11
 
  SERGEANT AT ARMS-----
 
    Absentees, may be sent for ............................ X Sec. 2, sb a
    Assistant Sergeant at Arms, doorkeepers, shall assign ....... V Sec. 6
    Attendance of, upon sessions of Senate ...................... V Sec. 6
    Hearings of Senate, maintain order .......................... V Sec. 6
    Jurisdiction, under ......................................... V Sec. 6
    Order, shall enforce, under direction of Presiding Officer .. V Sec. 6
    Privileges of floor, shall enforce rule respecting .......... V Sec. 6
    Senate floor, to enforce rules respecting admission to XI Sec. 2, sb i
    Senate may choose ........................................... V Sec. 4
 
  SPEAKING-----
 
    Limitation upon ....................................... X Sec. 4, sb a
    Statements allowed in certain cases ................... X Sec. 4, sb b
    Vote, explanation of or to be excused ................. X Sec. 1, sb b
                                                            X Sec. 3, sb e
 
  SPECIAL ORDERS----
 
    When not completed, to retain place ........................ VI Sec. 5
    When under consideration, shall take precedence ............ VI Sec. 5
 
  STATE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES-----
 
 
    Bills recommended by, last day for introduction ........... VII Sec. 5
    Procedure for introduction purposes ....................... VII Sec. 7
 
  STENOGRAPHER-----
 
    Attendance of, required at sessions of Senate ............... V Sec. 7
    Debates of Senate ........................................... V Sec. 7
    Public hearings, duties respecting .......................... V Sec. 7
    Secretary of Senate, under direction of ..................... V Sec. 7
    Senate may choose ........................................... V Sec. 4
 
  SUBSTITUTION OF ASSEMBLY BILLS-----
 
    When in order .............................................. IX Sec. 5
 
  SUSPENSION OF THE RULES (See also "RULES OF SENATE")-----
 
    Motion for ................................................ XII Sec. 2
      To petition committee ................................... XII Sec. 3
      When in order ........................................... XII Sec. 3
      Notice required ................................... XII Sec. 2, sb b
 
                                       T
 
  TELEVISING SESSION-----
 
    Statewide public broadcast ................................ XVI Sec. 1
    Proprietary rights ........................................ XVI Sec. 2
 
  TEMPORARY PRESIDENT-----
 
    Attendance of Senators at sessions, secure .................. X Sec. 7
    Bills, may designate last day for introduction ............ VII Sec. 5
      Final passage, duties regarding .......................... IX Sec. 6
      Laid aside, duties respecting ...................... VI Sec. 6, sb b
      May require further reference of certain ............... VIII Sec. 7
      Program, departmental and agency bills, duties respecting VII Sec. 7
      Secondary, referencing, requests for consideration VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Chosen by Senate .......................................... III Sec. 1
    Committee reports, establish date for referral
     of all to Rules ................................... VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Committees, shall appoint chairs and members of all ....... III Sec. 2
    Shall establish set of guidelines for referral .............. V Sec. 1
    Debate, may speak once ................................ X Sec. 3, sb c
    Employees, may appoint certain ............................ III Sec. 4
    Expenditure reporting ..................................... XIV Sec. 2
    Legal actions or proceedings .............................. III Sec. 8
    Legislative librarian, assistant .......................... III Sec. 7
    Majority leader, shall be ................................. III Sec. 1
    Motions, certain, may be made only by .................... VIII Sec. 2
                                                            X Sec. 3, sb f
    Preside, when he shall .................................... III Sec. 1
      Designation of other member to .......................... III Sec. 1
    Records of Senate, duties regarding ........................ XV Sec. 1
    Reporters, shall designate those entitled
 
 
      to admission to floor ................................... III Sec. 5
      May fix final day for introduction ...................... VII Sec. 5
    Rules committee, shall be chairman of ..................... III Sec. 3
    Senators to preside, designation by ....................... III Sec. 1
 
  THIRD READING-----
 
    Amendment of bill allowed prior to completion of ..... IX Sec. 4, sb a
    Bills advanced to, to be jacketed .................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
    Bills to have three readings ......................... IX Sec. 2, sb a
    Calendar of bills on ................................. IX Sec. 3, sb a
    List of, when to be laid aside ....................... IX Sec. 6, sb a
    Question to be taken immediately after ............... IX Sec. 2, sb b
 
  THREE-FIFTHS QUORUM-----
 
    Bills requiring, for final passage ................. X Sec. 2, sb c, e
      Not required except for final passage ............... X Sec. 2, sb e
      To retain place on calendar, if absent .............. X Sec. 2, sb d
 
  TITLES OF BILLS-----
 
    Amending certain laws, what to contain .................... VII Sec. 4
 
  TWO-THIRDS VOTE (See "VOTE")-----
 
                                       V
 
  VETO-----
 
    Two-thirds vote necessary to pass after ............... X Sec. 2, sb b
 
  VOTE-----
 
    Bills lost unless receiving required ................. IX Sec. 6, sb b
    Committee reports required majority, of committee .. VIII Sec. 5, sb a
    Explanation of (See "VOTING")
    Majority, of all Senators elected, necessary to pass certain resolutions
                                                          VII Sec. 9, sb d
      To reconsider vote on certain bills ................ VI Sec. 9, sb b
      To suspend rules ........................................ XII Sec. 1
    Majority, of Senators present, necessary to close debateX Sec. 3, sb d
      To consider executive business ........................... VI Sec. 7
      To reconsider, on certain bills .................... VI Sec. 9, sb b
    Reconsideration of ......................................... VI Sec. 9
    Senators shall, unless excused ........................ X Sec. 1, sb a
    Two-thirds, of all Senators elected necessary to pass bills after veto
                                                            X Sec. 2, sb b
    Two-thirds, of all Senators elected necessary to pass certain bills
                                                            X Sec. 2, sb b
    Bills to retain place on calendar if absent ........... X Sec. 2, sb d
 
  VOTING-----
 
    Excused from .......................................... X Sec. 1, sb b
 
 
    Explanation of ........................................ X Sec. 3, sb e
 
                                       W
 
  WITHDRAWAL OF MOTION-----
 
    When in order ........................................ VI Sec. 8, sb b